The Trauma of Racism

  title={The Trauma of Racism},
  author={Thema Bryant-Davis and Carlota Ocampo},
  journal={The Counseling Psychologist},
  pages={574 - 578}
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Addressing Clients' Experiences of Racism: A Model for Clinical Practice
This article synthesizes the literature relevant to coping with racism to provide a 4-stage model for addressing clients' discriminatory experiences. Major suggestions drawn from the literature
Practice Recommendations for Addressing Racism: A Content Analysis of the Counseling Psychology Literature
A content analysis of the peer reviewed counseling psychology literature is conducted to provide a summary and critique of the extant practice recommendations and facilitate the development and enhancement of practice efforts aimed at addressing racism.
Feminist Relational Advocacy
This article describes a qualitative study of how low-income women who are struggling with symptoms of depression experience feminist relational advocacy, a new model that is informed by feminist,
The Use of Mindfulness in Trauma Counseling
Although there is increasing support for the use of mindfulness-based interventions in counseling, there has been little discussion of its use in trauma counseling. We explore the use of mindfulness
Trauma Counseling and Interventions: Introduction to the Special Issue
This introduction to the special issue on trauma counseling and interventions describes the historical and current contexts of trauma counseling scholarship and practice. It also points to the new
Racial appraisal: an integrated cultural and structural response to African American experiences with violent trauma
The paper references sociology and social work research that illustrates the use of racial appraisal to understand the ways in which race-based structural inequality limits and facilitates the interactions and cognitions of victims of violence, thereby impacting the allocation of social, psychological, and cultural resources.
Racism, racial discrimination, and trauma: a systematic review of the social science literature
The findings reveal that current research on race-based trauma seems to be limited by a lack of measures that capture the stress/intensity associated with race-related events, an inability to account for vicarious/collective/intergenerational experiences of trauma, and failure to control for non-race- based trauma.
"My Counselors Were Never There": Perceptions from Latino College Students
Despite insufficient services from school counselors, participants developed a sense of resilience and succeeded in higher education.
“My Counselors Were Never There”: Perceptions from Latino College Students
Eight Latino college students were interviewed to determine their perceptions of the role of their high school counselors. The findings revealed the following themes: (a) inadequate advisement, (b)
From Invisible to Visible: Exploring Invisibility Syndrome and Coping Among African American Men
CONCLUSION METHOD REFERENCES RESULTS PARTICIPANTS A sample of five men were extracted from a larger qualitative study exploring the public education experiences of African American and Latinx college


The Issue of Race in Counseling Psychology
The articles in this issue of The Counseling Psychologist discuss race and have implications for counseling psychology. Bryant-Davis and Ocampo’s (2005 [this issue]) article is about evaluation and
Coping Strategies of African American Adult Survivors of Childhood Violence.
To enhance recovery, counselors need to recognize the range of coping strategies used by African American clients. A retrospective qualitative study was conducted with 70 African American survivors
Racist Incident–Based Trauma
Racist incidents are potentially traumatizing forms of victimization that may lead to increased psychiatric and psychophysiological symptoms in targets. The magnitude of the problem of racist
A multidimensional conceptualization of racism-related stress: implications for the well-being of people of color.
  • S. Harrell
  • Psychology
    The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 2000
A conceptualization of racism-related stress and its impact on well-being is offered that integrates existing theory and research on racism, multicultural mental health, and the stress process. The
Breaking the Silence Around Race in Training, Practice, and Research
W. E. B. Du Bois (1903) commented that the color line would be the problem of the 20th century. Indicators from many sources, including the three Major Contribution articles, suggest that race
Moving beyond complacency to commitment: Multicultural research in counseling psychology
  • The Counseling Psychologist
  • 2005
Race and racism: The efforts of counseling psychology to understand and address the issues associated with these terms
  • The Counseling Psychologist
  • 2005
Racist incident-based trauma. The Counseling Psychologist
  • 2005
Manichean psychology: Racism and the minds of people of African descent
  • 1999
Breaking the silence around race
  • for the well-being of people of color. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry,
  • 1997