The Transformation of the Republican and Democratic Party Coalitions in the U.S.

  title={The Transformation of the Republican and Democratic Party Coalitions in the U.S.},
  author={Gary J. Miller and Norman Schofield},
  journal={Perspectives on Politics},
  pages={433 - 450}
Because the space of policies is two-dimensional, parties in the United States are coalitions of opposed interests. The Republican Party contains both socially conservative and socially liberal groups, though both tend to be pro-business. The increasing dominance of the social conservatives has angered some prominent Republicans, even causing a number of them to change party allegiance. Over time, the decreasing significance of the economic axis may cause the Republican Party to adopt policies… 
in the post-Reconstruction US Congress, 1879 Wedge-issue dynamics and party position shifts: Chinese exclusion debates
Even when the stakes of party-building are high, political parties often find their members divided over a key policy position. In post-Reconstruction America, the hot-button issue of excluding
On Demographic Change and Competitive Equilibrium in American Politics
In their seminal analysis of American elections, Stokes and Iversen (1962) demonstrated that each party’s share of the vote never strays very far or very long from a competitive equilibrium, which
Wedge-issue dynamics and party position shifts
Even when the stakes of party-building are high, political parties often find their members divided over a key policy position. In post-Reconstruction America, the hot-button issue of excluding
Introduction: Congress, Factions, and the Battle for U.S. Foreign Policy
This chapter explores how members of Congress strategize to win the battle over U.S. foreign policy. While traditional scholarship focuses on establishment party leaders and majority rule, we argue
Assessing the ideological extremism of American party activists
In this article, we investigate whether it is appropriate to generalize about the ideological and demographic characteristics of American party activists. Many studies on party polarization emphasize
Partisan polarization and political access: labor unions and the presidency
This article analyzes the effect of increased partisan polarization on the degree and quality of access enjoyed by labor union leaders to the President of the USA. The relationships between union
Quandaries of Gridlock and Leadership in US Electoral Politics
In 1964 President Johnston was able to overcome Southern Democrat opposition to the Civil Rights legislation. Recent opposition by Republicans in Congress has induced a form of legislative gridlock,
The Cultural Realignment of State White Electorates in the 21st Century
Since the beginning of the new millennium, the partisan leanings and presidential voting of state white electorates have been changing. Drawing on party realignment theories and analyses of cultural
The Political Economy of Democracy
There are reasons to think that a fourth wave of democratization is coming. There are now more democracies on earth than ever before. Since 1991, not fewer than 40 governments have undertaken the
Symbolic Politics of the State
A symbolic politics approach contends that the meanings policy proposals convey, and the audiences they attract, may matter more than whether they become law. Yet, we know little about the


Activists and Partisan Realignment in the United States
In this paper, we contend that party realignments occur due to the interaction of candidates and activists. We examine independent party candidates who are motivated primarily to win elections but
In the Name of Politics
The histories of sovereignty and democracy in India have taken a route different from the trajectory adopted by some western countries. In India, colonial sovereignty was often reduced to domination,
Critical Elections and Political Realignments in the USA: 1860–2000
The sequence of US presidential elections from 1964 to 1972 is generally regarded as heralding a fundamental political realignment, during which time civil rights became as important a cleavage as
Spatial Models of Party Competition
The use of spatial ideas to interpret party competition is a universal phenomenon of modern politics. Such ideas are the common coin of political journalists and have extraordinary influence in the
A spatial model with party activists: implications for electoral dynamics
The purpose of this paper is to develop a multidimensional spatial model akin to the standard one of elections but also to study here the impact of a second category of decisions open to citizens:
A Downsian Spatial Model with Party Activism
A unidimensional spatial model is proposed in this article. Although its formal structure parallels the spatial model of electoral competition, this model examines the decisions of individuals as
Cycles in American National Electoral Politics, 1854–2006: Statistical Evidence and an Explanatory Model
Are there cycles in American politics? In particular, does the proportion of the Democratic/Republican vote share for president and/or seat share in Congress rise and fall over extended periods of
Equilibria in the spatial stochastic model of voting with party activists
Stochastic models of elections typically indicate that all parties, in equilibrium, will adopt positions at the electoral center. Empirical analyses discussed in this paper suggest that convergence
The True and Only Heaven: Progress and Its Critics
Can we continue to believe in progress? In this sobering analysis of the Western human condition, Christopher Lasch seeks the answer in a history of the struggle between two ideas: one is the idea of
At Canaan's Edge
These concluding years of the freedom era show King at the height of his powers even as his worldly prestige falls under withering attack. We witness non-violent advances for democracy in the face of