The Transfer of Spatial Knowledge in Virtual Environment Training

@article{Waller1998TheTO,
  title={The Transfer of Spatial Knowledge in Virtual Environment Training},
  author={David Waller and E. B. Hunt and David Knapp},
  journal={Presence},
  year={1998},
  volume={7},
  pages={129-143}
}
Many training applications of virtual environments (VEs) require people to be able to transfer spatial knowledge acquired in a VE to a real-world situation. Using the concept of fidelity, we examine the variables that mediate the transfer of spatial knowledge and discuss the form and development of spatial representations in VE training. We report the results of an experiment in which groups were trained in six different environments (no training, real world, map, VE desktop, VE immersive, and… 
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TLDR
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Retention of spatial knowledge was compared after acquisition using virtual reality (VR), a map, and a real building. Participants were trained to navigate a route and to note the locations of
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TLDR
Both environmental and individual user differences that influence the training time required to ensure effective virtual environment spatial knowledge acquisition (SKA) are identified.
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Transfer of Spatial Knowledge from Virtual to Real Environments
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Arguments in this sense are developed on the basis of a review of some recent studies concerned with the transfer of spatial knowledge between virtual and real environments, that illustrate the interest and limits of such studies.
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