The Tragedy of the Commons: Twenty-two years later

@article{Feeny1990TheTO,
  title={The Tragedy of the Commons: Twenty-two years later},
  author={David Feeny and Fikret Berkes and Bonnie J. McCay and James Acheson},
  journal={Human Ecology},
  year={1990},
  volume={18},
  pages={1-19}
}
Hardin's Tragedy of the Commons model predicts the eventual overexploitation or degradation of all resources used in common. Given this unambiguous prediction, a surprising number of cases exist in which users have been able to restrict access to the resource and establish rules among themselves for its sustainable use. To assess the evidence, we first define common-property resources and present a taxonomy of property-rights regimes in which such resources may be held. Evidence accumulated… 

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Title Modeling the commons as a game with vector payoffs Permalink

Since Hardin first formulated the tragedy of the commons, researchers have described various ways that commons problems are solved, all based on the model of individual rationality. Invariably, these
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