The Trafficking in Persons Report: a game of risk

  title={The Trafficking in Persons Report: a game of risk},
  author={Amber Horning and Christopher Thomas and Alana Michele Henninger and Anthony Allen Marcus},
  journal={International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice},
  pages={257 - 280}
The State Department ranks countries on adherence to minimum standards set forth by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000. The Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) is updated annually and failure to enact changes to combat trafficking results in higher tier rankings. This paper evaluates the TIP by situating this tool in light of special features of the modern era, such as globalization and risk. Through a survey of the theoretical literature on risk and on trafficking risk factors, we… 

Colombia's Veneer of Aid: Hidden Motives, Voiceless Victims, and the US Trafficking in Persons Report

This study analyzes the Trafficking in Persons report, an annual report from the United States State Department that ranks each country on its ability to meet “minimum standards” for combating human

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This study is devoted to the analysis of the empirical base available today, which can form the basis of analytical models describing the patterns, causes and markers of such a dangerous phenomenon

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The Trafficking Victim Protection Act 2000 (TVPA) is the main policy to address trafficking in person in United States and beyond but the policy is used as device of promoting US global hegemony. The

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From the Trenches: A Global Survey of Anti-TIP NGOs and Their Views of U.S. Efforts

ABSTRACT Amid the academic and policy critiques of the United States’ 15-year push to eliminate human trafficking, the perspective of the nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) working with

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Many unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) arrived in Sweden with the mass exodus of refugees who fled to the EU in 2015. UMRs are individuals who are under 18 years of age, outside their country of

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An introduction to the special issue of the journal is presented which discusses topics including the policies designed to prevent sex crimes in the U.S., the usefulness of U.S. sex crimes

Response to Mark J. C. Crescenzi’s review of Scorecard Diplomacy: Grading States to Influence their Reputation and Behavior

  • J. Kelley
  • Political Science
    Perspectives on Politics
  • 2019
What can the international community do when countries would rather ignore a thorny problem? Scorecard Diplomacy shows that, despite lacking traditional force, public grades are potent symbols that

Gender and corporeality in civilian crisis management: whose bodies matter? Analysing the European Union Police Mission (EUPM) in Bosnia and Herzegovina s operational response to sex trafficking

The European Union’s peacebuilding efforts have rarely been studied through a gendered or corporeal lens, therefore little is known about how these concepts affect peacebuilding responses. This study

Introduction: In Search of Pimps and Other Varieties

In the United States, the pimp represents one of the key tropes of black masculinity, alternately representing the lowest form of racialized degradation and the highest expression of masculine power.



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Anti-trafficking efforts have been adopted globally to curb human trafficking, yet many nations have failed to put initiatives into practice. As a consequence, the U.S. Department of State

Improving the Effectiveness of the International Law of Human Trafficking: A Vision for the Future of the US Trafficking in Persons Reports

In 2000, the United States Congress passed the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act requiring its State Department to issue annual Trafficking in Persons Reports (TIP Reports)

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It is argued that the human development gains from greater mobility could be significantly enhanced if there was greater coherence between policies to combat trafficking and policies to promote development.

Transnational Trafficking, Law Enforcement and Victim Protection: A Middleman’s Perspective∗

This paper explores two hitherto poorly understood characteristics of human traffickers – their ease of mobility between domestic and foreign illicit demand sources, and their bargaining power in

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Nine reports are synthesized that assess the U.S. service organizations' legal representative knowledge of, and experience with, human trafficking cases, as well as information from actual cases and media reports to provide recommendations to better address human trafficking in the United States.

Research on Human Trafficking in North America: A Review of Literature

This paper aims to map out the research that currently exists and make note of the research gaps that need to be filled in order to establish appropriate and effective policies and programmes for

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This paper presents an overview of research on trafficking in persons in South Asia. The trend of trafficking is on the rise but the existing knowledge base is inadequate for a full understanding of

Order at the border: The repatriation of victims of trafficking ☆

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The article reviews the empirical evidence for trafficking and human smuggling in Europe. It argues that a market for irregular migration services has emerged, in which the mechanisms and forms of