The Trade-off between Child Quantity and Quality

@article{Hanushek1992TheTB,
  title={The Trade-off between Child Quantity and Quality},
  author={Eric Alan Hanushek},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={1992},
  volume={100},
  pages={84 - 117}
}
  • E. Hanushek
  • Published 1 February 1992
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Political Economy
An empirical investigation of trade-offs between number of children and their scholastic performance confirms that family size directly affects children's achievement. Though parents show no favoritism to first-born children, being early in the birth order implies a distinct advantage, entirely because of the higher probability of being in a small family. Recent large changes in family size explain a portion of aggregate test score declines, but increased divorce rates and market work by… 
The Quantity-Quality Trade-Off and the Formation of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills
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TLDR
Using data from the Chinese Population Census, the effect of family size on child educational attainment in China is examined and a negative correlation between family size and child outcome is found, even after controlling for the birth order effect.
Multiple Experiments for the Causal Link between the Quantity and Quality of Children
This article presents evidence on the child-quantity/child-quality trade-off using quasi-experimental variation due to twin births and preferences for a mixed sibling sex composition, as well as
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In this paper, we challenge the conventional wisdom that due to the negative correlation between family size and earning ability, family size can be used as a 'tagging' device, so that subsidizing
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This paper uses the exogenous variation in fertility introduced by China’s family planning policies to identify the impact of child quantity on child quality. We find that the number of children has
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Education is a crucial determinant of child quality. Economic theory and empirical research suggest a trade-off between the quantity and quality of children. Larger families facing tighter
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