The Trade-off between Child Quantity and Quality

  title={The Trade-off between Child Quantity and Quality},
  author={Eric Alan Hanushek},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  pages={84 - 117}
  • E. Hanushek
  • Published 1 February 1992
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Political Economy
An empirical investigation of trade-offs between number of children and their scholastic performance confirms that family size directly affects children's achievement. Though parents show no favoritism to first-born children, being early in the birth order implies a distinct advantage, entirely because of the higher probability of being in a small family. Recent large changes in family size explain a portion of aggregate test score declines, but increased divorce rates and market work by… 
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A New Approach to the Economic Theory of Fertility Behavior
  • R. Willis
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1973
A static economic theory of lifetime marital fertility is presented within the context of the economic theory of the family. The theoretical model is developed under a set of restrictive assumptions