The Torodbe Clerisy: A Social View

  title={The Torodbe Clerisy: A Social View},
  author={John Ralph Willis},
  journal={The Journal of African History},
  pages={195 - 212}
  • J. Willis
  • Published 1 April 1978
  • History
  • The Journal of African History
It is a salient feature of the great jihāds of the western Sudan that the leadership for these wars of religious fervour should have sprung forth from a single source, the Torodbe clerisy. It was the Torodbe ʿulamā’ who sustained the jihāds in Futas Bundu, Toro and Jallon in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and prefigured the jihāds of Usumān dan Fodio and al-Hājj ʿUmar b. Saʿīd, perhaps the most illustrious leaders thrown up by Torodbe Islam. We have long viewed these Islamic… 

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Jihad in West Africa: early phases and inter-relations in Mauritania and Senegal

  • P. Curtin
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1971
The tradition of religious revolution directed against partially Muslim rulers is traced to the religious reform movement among the zwāya of Mauritania in the 1660s, and to the jihad that brought

Jihād fī Sabīl Allāh—its Doctrinal Basis in Islam and some Aspects of its Evolution in Nineteenth-Century West Africa

  • J. Willis
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1967
The recurrence of revivalist movements in Islamic history can be partially explained by the inability of a Muslim Community in disarray to transform da¯r al-ḥarb into da¯r al-Isla¯;m—a doctrinal