Corpus ID: 1499152

The Topology of Cities

  title={The Topology of Cities},
  author={Christa Brelsford and T. Martin and J. Hand and L. Bettencourt},
Is there an ideal city form? As cities proliferate worldwide this has become a central question underpinning sustainable development and economic opportunity for billions of people. We provide extensive empirical evidence, mathematical analysis and a set of theorems to show that the answer to this question is topological, not geometric. We show that cities can be decomposed into two types of networked spaces – accesses and places and prove that these spaces display universal topological… Expand
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