The Tools of Imperialism: Technology and the Expansion of European Colonial Empires in the Nineteenth Century

  title={The Tools of Imperialism: Technology and the Expansion of European Colonial Empires in the Nineteenth Century},
  author={Daniel R. Headrick},
  journal={The Journal of Modern History},
  pages={231 - 263}
  • D. Headrick
  • Published 1 June 1979
  • History, Economics
  • The Journal of Modern History
One of the liveliest debates in modern history has revolved around the causes of the "new imperialism" of the nineteenth century. Historians have offered a wealth of explanations for this dramatic expansion of European control over much of the eastern hemisphere. Some have emphasized political motives, such as international rivalries, naval strategy, the instability of imperial frontiers, the diversion of popular attention from domestic problems, or the influence of pressure groups on political… 

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