The Titan -1:0 Nodal Bending Wave in Saturn's Ring C

@article{Rosen1988TheT,
  title={The Titan -1:0 Nodal Bending Wave in Saturn's Ring C},
  author={Paul A. Rosen and Jack J. Lissauer},
  journal={Science},
  year={1988},
  volume={241},
  pages={690 - 694}
}
The most prominent oscillatory feature observed in the Voyager 1 radio occultation of Saturn's rings is identified as a one-armed spiral bending wave excited by Titan's -1:0 nodal inner vertical resonance. Ring partides in a bending wave move in coherently inclined orbits, warping the local mean plane of the rings. The Titan -1:0 wave is the only known bending wave that propagates outward, away from Saturn, and the only spiral wave yet observed in which the wave pattern rotates opposite to the… 
Spiral Bending Waves Launched at a Vertical Secular Resonance
The excitation of spiral bending waves at a secular vertical resonance in a particle disk is examined. These waves are one-armed spirals of very long wavelength that are launched at sites where a
A Classic Problem in Newtonian Dynamics: How Thick Are Saturn's Rings?
Saturn’s ring system shows variation in opacity and spectral properties. Although water ice comprises the bulk of the Saturn’s ring system, non-icy materials also play crucial role to understand the
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