The Titan -1:0 Nodal Bending Wave in Saturn's Ring C

@article{Rosen1988TheT,
  title={The Titan -1:0 Nodal Bending Wave in Saturn's Ring C},
  author={Paul A. Rosen and Jack J. Lissauer},
  journal={Science},
  year={1988},
  volume={241},
  pages={690 - 694}
}
The most prominent oscillatory feature observed in the Voyager 1 radio occultation of Saturn's rings is identified as a one-armed spiral bending wave excited by Titan's -1:0 nodal inner vertical resonance. Ring partides in a bending wave move in coherently inclined orbits, warping the local mean plane of the rings. The Titan -1:0 wave is the only known bending wave that propagates outward, away from Saturn, and the only spiral wave yet observed in which the wave pattern rotates opposite to the… 

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