The Televised Sports Manhood Formula

@article{Messner2000TheTS,
  title={The Televised Sports Manhood Formula},
  author={Michael A. Messner and Michele Debra Dunbar and Darnell M. Hunt},
  journal={Journal of Sport \& Social Issues},
  year={2000},
  volume={24},
  pages={380 - 394}
}
Recent research indicates that the televised sports that U.S. boys watch most include pro basketball, pro football, pro baseball, Extreme sports, sports highlights shows, and the dramatic pseudosport of pro wrestling. Based on a textual analysis of these televised sports shows and their accompanying commercial advertisements, the authors identify 10 recurrent themes concerning gender, race, aggression, violence, militarism, and commercialism that, together, they call the Televised Sports… 
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