The Taxonomic Status of European Plio-Pleistocene Badgers

  title={The Taxonomic Status of European Plio-Pleistocene Badgers},
  author={Joan Madurell-Malapeira and David M. Alba and Josep Marmi and Josep Aurell and Salvador Moy{\`a}-Sol{\`a}},
ABSTRACT The taxonomic status of European Plio-Pleistocene badgers is currently uncertain, due to the relative scarcity of their fossil remains. Here we describe craniodental remains from the Iberian locality of Vallparadís, indicating that the extant European badger (Meles meles) was distributed throughout Europe during the late Villafranchian. On the basis of morphological and morphometrical comparisons, we attribute the studied specimens, together with other late Villafranchian and… 
The Late Pleistocene European badger Meles meles from Grotta Laceduzza (Brindisi, Apulia, Southern Italy): the analysis of the morphological and biometric variability
The results of this work suggest that the badger fossil remains from the Mediterranean region can be considered as an ecomorphotype of this highly polymorphic species, showing a great morphological and morphometric variability throughout its wide geographical range.
The European badger Meles meles from Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene of Italian Peninsula
IntroductIon True badgers (genus Meles) are widely spread across the Palearctic region, from the Iberian Peninsula to the Japanese archipelago (Macdonald, 2001; Proulx et al., 2016). The taxonomy and
New Material and Revision of the Carnivora, Mammalia from the Lower Pleistocene Locality Apollonia 1, Greece
During the last field campaigns in the mammal fossiliferous site Apollonia 1 (Macedonia, Greece), new carnivoran material has been discovered. The new collection added two new carnivoran taxa,
Taxonomical revision of “Arctonyx” fossil remains from the Liucheng Gigantopithecus Cave (South China) by means of morphotype and morphometrics, and a review of Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Meles fossil records in China
Abstract “Arctonyx” fossil remains from the Liucheng Gigantopithecus Cave, Guangxi, are redescribed and analysed in details. Detailed tooth character differences between Arctonyx and Meles are
Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of the Pliocene stem meline badger Ferinestrix (Carnivora: Mustelidae)
It is shown that Ferinestrix originated in Asia and immigrated to North America no later than at the early (Zanclean) to late (Piacenzian) Pliocene transition, and that the North American F. vorax and Asian F.rapax underwent parallel evolution toward increased carnivory.
Rediscovering Lutra lutra from Grotta Romanelli (southern Italy) in the framework of the puzzling evolutionary history of Eurasian otter
A river otter hemimandible has been rediscovered during the revision of the historical collections of G.A. Blanc from Grotta Romanelli, complementing the ongoing multidisciplinary research fieldwork
Villafranchian large mammals from the Iberian Peninsula: paleobiogeography, paleoecology and dispersal events
The Pleistocene of the Iberian Peninsula is currently a focus of intense paleontological, archaeological and geological research. To a large extent, these inquiries are intended to decipher the
Early Pleistocene fauna of the Olteţ River Valley of Romania: Biochronological and biogeographic implications
Abstract The Early Pleistocene of Eurasia is marked by significant climatic, environmental, and faunal shifts and is the time during which Homo first appears in the Eurasian fossil record. To better
A comparative study of the Early Pleistocene carnivore guild from Dmanisi (Georgia).
The results suggest a close similarity among the Dmanisi carnivore assemblage and other guilds recorded from European late Villafranchian sites such as Pirro Nord, Venta Micena, and Apollonia 1 and, in a lesser extent, to European Epivillafranchians sites as Vallonnet, Untermassfeld, or the Vallparadís Section.
The Villafranchian carnivoran guild of Greece: implications for the fauna, biochronology and paleoecology.
  • G. Koufos
  • Geography, Medicine
    Integrative zoology
  • 2014
The carnivoran guild structure and the multivariate analysis of the Greek Villafranchian carnivoran assemblages in comparison with modern assembalges from open and closed environments indicate a relatively open landscape, which is in agreement with previous results for the Villaf Franchian of Greece.


Oldest European Occurence of Meles (Mustelidae, Carnivora) from the Middle Pliocene (Mn16) of Almenara-Casablanca-4 Karstic Site (Castellón, Spain)
The origin of badgers (Subfamily Melinae) and the early evolutionary history of the genus Meles Brisson, 1762 remain still unresolved. Fossil, morphologic and genetic evidence suggest that only Meles
Cranial variation in the European badger Meles meles (Carnivora, Mustelidae) in Scandinavia
Morphological differences between the ‘south-western Norwegian’ and ‘main Fennoscandian’ populations of M. meles suggest a possible in situ semisympatric divergence since the beginning of the Holocene warming, or a complex history of two groups involving at least two colonization routes.
The Vallparadís section (Terrassa, Iberian Peninsula) and the latest Villafranchian faunas of Europe
Abstract The late Early to early Middle Pleistocene section from Torrent de Vallparadis is a 20 m-thick, composite section with multiple stratigraphic horizons, which have yielded close to 30,000
Villafranchian: The long story of a Plio-Pleistocene European large mammal biochronologic unit
The authors provide an update of the Villaranchian Mammal Age and its present significance, as well as providing a concept relatively common within the scientific literature of continental stratigraphers in Europe.
Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation
Using Bayesian dating techniques, phylogenetic and dating analyses suggest that mustelid diversification may have been spurred by a combination of faunal turnover events and diversification at lower trophic levels, ultimately caused by climatically driven environmental changes.
Mitochondrial DNA reveals a strong phylogeographic structure in the badger across Eurasia
It is found that the Eurasian badger is divided into four groups regarding their mitochondrial DNA: Europe, Southwest Asia, North and East Asia, and Japan, which suggests that the separation of badgers into phylogeographic groups was influenced by cold Pleistocene glacial stages and permafrost boundaries in Eurasia, and by geographic barriers, such as mountains and deserts.
Phylogenetic Relationships and Divergence Times among Mustelids (Mammalia: Carnivora) Based on Nucleotide Sequences of the Nuclear Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein and Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Genes
The low level of sequence divergence in cytochrome b between Mustela lutreola and Putorius is therefore a result of interspecific mitochondrial introgression between these taxa, rather than a recent origin of Mustelinae in a close relationship to Putorius.
Sexual dimorphism of craniological characters in Eurasian badgers, Meles spp. (Carnivora, Mustelidae)
Differences in the level of SSD among and within these three species of badgers may be attributed not to differences in the diet or social structure, but to the history of speciation events and formation of intraspecific distribution ranges.
Speciation durations and Pleistocene effects on vertebrate phylogeography
Comparisons of genetic–distance trends across the vertebrate classes reveal that for mammals and birds, Pleistocene conditions played an important role in initiating phylogeographic differentiation among now–extant conspecific populations as well as in further sculpting pre–existing phylo geographic variety into many of today's sister species.