The Taxonomic Status of European Plio-Pleistocene Badgers

  title={The Taxonomic Status of European Plio-Pleistocene Badgers},
  author={Joan Madurell-Malapeira and David M. Alba and Josep Marmi and Josep Aurell and Salvador Moy{\`a}-Sol{\`a}},
ABSTRACT The taxonomic status of European Plio-Pleistocene badgers is currently uncertain, due to the relative scarcity of their fossil remains. Here we describe craniodental remains from the Iberian locality of Vallparadís, indicating that the extant European badger (Meles meles) was distributed throughout Europe during the late Villafranchian. On the basis of morphological and morphometrical comparisons, we attribute the studied specimens, together with other late Villafranchian and… 

The Late Pleistocene European badger Meles meles from Grotta Laceduzza (Brindisi, Apulia, Southern Italy): the analysis of the morphological and biometric variability

The results of this work suggest that the badger fossil remains from the Mediterranean region can be considered as an ecomorphotype of this highly polymorphic species, showing a great morphological and morphometric variability throughout its wide geographical range.

The European badger Meles meles from Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene of Italian Peninsula

IntroductIon True badgers (genus Meles) are widely spread across the Palearctic region, from the Iberian Peninsula to the Japanese archipelago (Macdonald, 2001; Proulx et al., 2016). The taxonomy and

New Material and Revision of the Carnivora, Mammalia from the Lower Pleistocene Locality Apollonia 1, Greece

  • G. Koufos
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2018
During the last field campaigns in the mammal fossiliferous site Apollonia 1 (Macedonia, Greece), new carnivoran material has been discovered. The new collection added two new carnivoran taxa,

Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of the Pliocene stem meline badger Ferinestrix (Carnivora: Mustelidae)

It is shown that Ferinestrix originated in Asia and immigrated to North America no later than at the early (Zanclean) to late (Piacenzian) Pliocene transition, and that the North American F. vorax and Asian F.rapax underwent parallel evolution toward increased carnivory.

New remains of a primitive badger from Cueva de los Toriles (Carrizosa, Castilla-La Mancha, Iberian Peninsula) suggest a new quaternary locality in the southern Iberian plateau

The Cueva de Los Toriles belongs to a karstic system found in the southern Iberian plateau. Construction works in the cave (not related to paleontological activities) have allowed for the recovery of

Rediscovering Lutra lutra from Grotta Romanelli (southern Italy) in the framework of the puzzling evolutionary history of Eurasian otter

A river otter hemimandible has been rediscovered during the revision of the historical collections of G.A. Blanc from Grotta Romanelli, complementing the ongoing multidisciplinary research fieldwork

Villafranchian large mammals from the Iberian Peninsula: paleobiogeography, paleoecology and dispersal events

The Pleistocene of the Iberian Peninsula is currently a focus of intense paleontological, archaeological and geological research. To a large extent, these inquiries are intended to decipher the

Early Pleistocene Caniformia from Palan-Tyukan (Azerbaijan)

The Early Pleistocene site of Palan-Tyukan (MNQ18, ca 1.85 Mya) is located in Transcaucasia, northwestern Azerbaijan. In total, more than 300 mammalian bones were collected there by M.V. Sablin in



Oldest European Occurence of Meles (Mustelidae, Carnivora) from the Middle Pliocene (Mn16) of Almenara-Casablanca-4 Karstic Site (Castellón, Spain)

The origin of badgers (Subfamily Melinae) and the early evolutionary history of the genus Meles Brisson, 1762 remain still unresolved. Fossil, morphologic and genetic evidence suggest that only Meles

Cranial variation in the European badger Meles meles (Carnivora, Mustelidae) in Scandinavia

Morphological differences between the ‘south-western Norwegian’ and ‘main Fennoscandian’ populations of M. meles suggest a possible in situ semisympatric divergence since the beginning of the Holocene warming, or a complex history of two groups involving at least two colonization routes.

The Vallparadís section (Terrassa, Iberian Peninsula) and the latest Villafranchian faunas of Europe

Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation

Using Bayesian dating techniques, phylogenetic and dating analyses suggest that mustelid diversification may have been spurred by a combination of faunal turnover events and diversification at lower trophic levels, ultimately caused by climatically driven environmental changes.

Mitochondrial DNA reveals a strong phylogeographic structure in the badger across Eurasia

It is found that the Eurasian badger is divided into four groups regarding their mitochondrial DNA: Europe, Southwest Asia, North and East Asia, and Japan, which suggests that the separation of badgers into phylogeographic groups was influenced by cold Pleistocene glacial stages and permafrost boundaries in Eurasia, and by geographic barriers, such as mountains and deserts.

Phylogenetic Relationships and Divergence Times among Mustelids (Mammalia: Carnivora) Based on Nucleotide Sequences of the Nuclear Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein and Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Genes

The low level of sequence divergence in cytochrome b between Mustela lutreola and Putorius is therefore a result of interspecific mitochondrial introgression between these taxa, rather than a recent origin of Mustelinae in a close relationship to Putorius.

Speciation durations and Pleistocene effects on vertebrate phylogeography

Comparisons of genetic–distance trends across the vertebrate classes reveal that for mammals and birds, Pleistocene conditions played an important role in initiating phylogeographic differentiation among now–extant conspecific populations as well as in further sculpting pre–existing phylo geographic variety into many of today's sister species.