The Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea)

  title={The Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea)},
  author={Jaime Prohens and Fernando Nuez},
  journal={Small Fruits Review},
  pages={43 - 68}
Abstract The tamarillo is a small tree native to South America. It is grown for its edible fruit, which can be prepared in many different ways. The main regions of production are its native region as well as New Zealand. Interest in the tamarillo as a potential new crop is increasing in many other frost-free climatic areas all around the world. There are three known types in the Andean region: red, yellow and purple. Tamarillo requires a sub-tropical climate, and can be grown in regions where… 

Morphological and Molecular Diversity in a Collection of the Andean Tree Tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.)

A morphological and molecular characterization of tree tomato is made including a significant number of morphological traits and AFLPs markers, based on a broad diversity of accessions and cultivar groups, indicating that a wide variation exists and that it is possible to select materials with fruit characteristics more appropriate for the markets.

Tamarillo (Solanum betaceum (Cav.))

Abstract: The tamarillo is a subtropical non-climacteric fruit that produces fruit throughout the year, with fruit production peaking in late summer or autumn. The fruit has an attractive deep red

A Novel Regeneration System for Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea) via Organogenesis from Hypocotyl, Leaf, and Root Explants

This study evaluated the possibility of using tissue culture as an alternative propagation method for Tamarillo and showed that the growth regulators evaluated had a significant effect on plantlet regeneration from leaf and hypocotyl explants.

Genome comparison and primer design for detection of Tamarillo leaf malformation virus (TaLMV)

A second genome sequence of TaLMV was obtained from a tamarillo-growing region in northern Antioquia (Colombia) and compared with a previously sequenced isolate from La Union; this information was used to design specific primers targeting the CP and CI regions of the Ta LMV.

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Germination tests to samples of tamarillo seeds of the red and orange strains showed the existence of differences in promotion of Solanum betaceum seeds germination, being evident that there is sensitivity to light from the seeds of this species.

Tamarillo (Solanum betaceum Cav.): A Review of Physicochemical and Bioactive Properties and Potential Applications

ABSTRACT Tamarillo (Solanum betaceum Cav.) is a sub-tropical fruit with unique flavour and colour, known to be highly nutritious. Tamarillo has nutritional adequacy score of 7.4 (red type) to 7.9

New crops: an alternative for the development of horticulture

New crops have historically played an important role in the progress of mankind; on studying any region of the world, it can be found that many of its most important crops did not originate there,



Advancing the Tamarillo Harvest by Induced Postharvest Ripening

Postharvest ripening reduces the risk of crop failure, increases earliness, and concentrates harvesting, and makes it possible for harvesting to be advanced 36 days.

Incidence and distribution of six viruses infecting tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea) in New Zealand

Tamarillo mosaic potyvirus (TaMV) was found to be widespread, usually occurring in 100% of plants, and cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV), alfalfa mosaic virus (A1MV), and tomato spotted wilt tospov virus (TSWV) were also detected, but were not found in the other districts.

Some maturity indices for tamarillo and pepino fruits

Colour, firmness, juice content and °Brix levels were identified as maturity indices for tamarillo and pepino which corresponded with the stages at which they might be used for cooking, in salad or as dessert respectively.

Reproductive biology of the tamarillo, Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendt. (Solanaceae), and some wild relatives

All manifestations of the incompatibility reaction suggested that a gametophytic system of self-incompatibility is opemting in these species, as it does in other members of the Solanaceae.

Red tamarillos (Cyphomandra betacea): Comparison of two postharvest dipping strategies for the control of fungal storage disorders

The proportion of fruit affected by four storage disorders was reduced after dipping with prochloraz and the number of sound fruit after storage was increased by 36% and 35% respectively for the CF strategy and the hot water dip when compared with the cold water dip (CW).

The tamarillo: Fruit growth and maturation, ripening, respiration, and the role of ethylene

The tamarillo (tree tomato, Cyphomandra betacea Sendt.) flowers and sets fruit over an extended period, and fruits were commercially mature at 21–24 weeks after anthesis, but harvesting of immature fruits appeared to stop red pigment development.

Polyploidy and aneuploidy in the tamarillo cyphomandra betacea cav. sendt. solanaceae i. spontaneous polyploidy and features of the euploids

Pollen viability was markedly lower in the polyploids compared to the diploids and in combination with post-zygotic abnormalities caused a reduction in seed set and hence fruit size.

First record of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on tree tomato in Ecuador.

Cyphomandra betacea (tree tomato) plants with stem lesions were observed in an orchard in Tungurahua province, Ecuador. Dissection of the stems showed the presence of black sclerotia. Further

Crossing studies in cyphomandra solanaceae and their systematic and evolutionary significance

The results show that gametophytic self-incompatibility is widespread in Cyphomandra, and most of these crosses failed, indicating that postzygotic barriers are important in reproductive isolation.

Organic acid and sugar composition of three New Zealand grown tamarillo varieties (Solarium betaceum (Cav.))

The sweeter red variety, as assessed by the growers, ‘Andys Sweet Red’, had significantly higher sugar levels and sugar to acid ratio than the more astringent tasting ‘Secombes Red”, in agreement with the measured soluble solids and titratable acidity results.