The Tactical Topography of Stalking Victimization and Management

  title={The Tactical Topography of Stalking Victimization and Management},
  author={Brian H. Spitzberg},
  journal={Trauma, Violence, \& Abuse},
  pages={261 - 288}
A meta-analysis of 108 samples across 103 studies of stalking-related phenomena, representing almost 70,000 participants, reveals an average prevalence across studies of 23.5% for women and 10.5% for men, with an average duration of almost 2 years. The average proportion of female victims across studies was 75%, and 77% of stalking emerged from some form of prior acquaintance, with 49%originating from romantic relationships. New typologies of stalking behavior, coping responses to stalking, and… 
Sex Differences in Stalking and Obsessive Relational Intrusion: Two Meta-Analyses
Two data sets (21 studies of college students; N = 6,820; 274 studies of stalking, N = 331,121) are meta-analyzed to identify the extent to which (a) stalking is experienced differently by women and
Describing Intimate Partner Stalking Over Time
It is found that stalking decreased over time at a marginally significant level, and that change in stalking varied among participants, such that as stalking frequency decreased, perceived safety increased and distress decreased.
Who Are the Stalking Victims? Exploring the Victimization Experiences and Psychosocial Characteristics of Young Male and Female Adults in Hong Kong
Multivariate analyses indicated that increases in age and levels of self-esteem were correlated with an increased probability of experiencing stalking victimization, while being a male and higher levels of life satisfaction were related to a lower likelihood of falling prey to stalking victimizations.
The Association Between Stalking and Violence in a Sample of Spanish Partner Violence Cases
Data not only support the contention that stalking should be criminalized regardless of the type of stalking behavior but also indicate that differences in the behavior might warrant different management interventions.
The prevalence of stalking: Current data from a German victim survey
The present study, as part of a large-scale victim survey, examines the prevalence and nature of stalking in a representative German quota sample (N = 5779). Applying a broad definition of stalking,
Stalking and Intrusive Behaviors in Ghana: Perceptions and Victimization Experiences
Females were generally more likely than males to perceive a range of intrusive activities as unacceptable, and in respect of their worst experience of intrusive behavior, females were more likely to report unwanted communications, aggressive courtship, property damage, and harassment of third parties.
Identifying Predictors of Negative Psychological Reactions to Stalking Victimization
Stalking victims who were female, had a prior relationship with the stalker, experienced a greater variety of stalking behaviors, were divorced/separated, and reported receiving government assistance were more likely to be classified into subgroups characterized by a high probability of experiencing multiple negative outcomes.
Prevalence of Stalking Among Justice Professionals in Portugal
The prevalence, nature, dynamics, impact, and help-seeking behaviors (and its perceived effectiveness) of stalking victimization by criminal justice professionals stalked in Portugal showed that 24.8% reported having been stalked at least once in their lifetime.
The Prevalence of Stalking Among Finnish University Students
Stalking is highly prevalent among Finnish university students; it is maintained, on average, for a relatively long period; and it often includes some form of violence and/or threats.


The tactical face of stalking
An Empirical Study of Stalking Victimization
A substantial number of victims reported being threatened by their stalkers and this threat was associated with higher levels of fear among the victims and a greater chance of physical attack by the stalkers, particularly for the female victims.
Stalking Perceptions and Prevalence
This article aims to clarify two issues relating to stalking: how potential victims perceive the crime and the prevalence of stalking and stalking-related acts among the British female population.
Perceptions and prevalence of stalking in a male sample
Abstract Most research into stalking has focused on males as perpetrators and females as victims. The present study investigated firstly how males perceive the crime of stalking and secondly the
The impact of stalkers on their victims
The study indicates the extent of the social and psychological damage sustained by those subjected to persistent stalking, and underlines the inadequacy of the current legal and medical responses to the needs of these victims.
A Typology of Interpersonal Stalking
This article offers a structure for trying to distinguish between different types of stalking and for assessing the outcome of these different types of incidents. Using a law enforcement experiential
The Course and Nature of Stalking: An In-Depth Victim Survey
Investigating the course and nature of prolonged stalking in 29 self-defined victims in the United Kingdom revealed that stalking is not constant and both the behavior of stalkers and responses of victims transform over time.
Stalking Behavior and the Cycle of Domestic Violence
The present study was conducted to refine the behavioral definition of stalking, investigate the role stalking plays in the cycle of domestic violence, and develop demographic profiles of stalkers
Stalking on campus: the prevalence and strategies for coping with stalking.
The prevalence of stalkers and stalking victims among college students and methods of coping with being stalked were assessed; the most common response among females was to ignore the stalker; among males it was to confront theStalking victims.
Exploring the interactional phenomenon of stalking and obsessive relational intrusion
Obsessive relational intrusion (ORI), and its more extreme relative, stalking, are significant social problems. However, to date, most research is relatively crude and anecdotal in nature. Further,