The Synergistic Effects of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption on the Risk of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis

@article{Prabhu2014TheSE,
  title={The Synergistic Effects of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption on the Risk of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis},
  author={A. Prabhu and K. Obi and J. Rubenstein},
  journal={The American Journal of Gastroenterology},
  year={2014},
  volume={109},
  pages={822-827}
}
  • A. Prabhu, K. Obi, J. Rubenstein
  • Published 2014
  • Medicine
  • The American Journal of Gastroenterology
  • OBJECTIVES:Tobacco and alcohol use are established risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We sought to determine whether these factors act synergistically to increase the risk of ESCC.METHODS:We performed a systematic literature search in multiple electronic databases regardless of language. Eligible studies were population-based case–control or cohort studies of ESCC that assessed the effects of tobacco and/or alcohol. Departures from multiplicative effects were quantified… CONTINUE READING
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