The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission

  title={The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission},
  author={N. Gehrels and Guido L. Chincarini and Paolo Giommi and Keith O. Mason and J A Nousek and Alan A. Wells and N. E. White and Scott Douglas Barthelmy and David N. Burrows and Lynn R. Cominsky and Kevin Hurley and F. E. Marshall and P{\'e}ter M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and P. W. A. Roming and Lorella Angelini and L. M. Barbier and Tomaso M. Belloni and Sergio Campana and P. A. Caraveo and Margaret Mcmath Chester and Oberto Citterio and Thomas L. Cline and Mark S. Cropper and Jay R. Cummings and Anthony John Dean and Eric D. Feigelson and Edward E. Fenimore and Dale A. Frail and Andrew S. Fruchter and Gordon P. Garmire and Keith C. Gendreau and Gabriele Ghisellini and J. Greiner and Judith Hill and Sally D. Hunsberger and Hans A. Krimm and Shrinivas R. Kulkarni and P. Kumar and François Lebrun and Nicole M. Lloyd-Ronning and Craig B. Markwardt and Barbara Jo Mattson and Richard F. Mushotzky and J. P. Norris and Julian P. Osborne and Bohdan Paczyński and David M. Palmer and H-S. Park and Ann Marie Parsons and Jeffrey Paul and Martin J. Rees and Christopher S. Reynolds and James E. Rhoads and Timothy P. Sasseen and Bradley E. Schaefer and Alexander D. T. Short and Alan P. Smale and I. A. Smith and Lorenzo Stella and Gianpiero Tagliaferri and T. Takahashi and M. S. Tashiro and Leisa K. Townsley and Jack Tueller and Martin J. L. Turner and Mario Vietri and Wolfgang Voges and M. Ward and Richard Willingale and F. Zerbi and W. W. Zhang},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  pages={1005 - 1020}
The Swift mission, scheduled for launch in 2004, is a multiwavelength observatory for gamma-ray burst (GRB) astronomy. It is a first-of-its-kind autonomous rapid-slewing satellite for transient astronomy and pioneers the way for future rapid-reaction and multiwavelength missions. It will be far more powerful than any previous GRB mission, observing more than 100 bursts yr-1 and performing detailed X-ray and UV/optical afterglow observations spanning timescales from 1 minute to several days… 

Swift: results from the first year of the mission

  • H. Krimm
  • Physics
    SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation
  • 2006
The Swift gamma-ray burst explorer was launched on Nov. 20, 2004 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The first instrument onboard became fully operational less than a month later. Since that time the Burst

Gamma-ray burst overview

Since its launch on 20 November 2004, the Swift mission has detected ∼100 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) each year, and immediately (within ∼90 s) started x-ray and UV/optical observations of the afterglow.

Gamma-ray bursts in the Swift era

Gamma-ray burst (GRB) research has undergone a revolution in the last two years. The launch of Swift, with its rapid slewing capability, has greatly increased the number and quality of GRB

The SWIFT Gamma-Ray Burst X-Ray Telescope

The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer is designed to make prompt multi-wavelength observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts and GRB afterglows. The X-ray Telescope enables Swift to determine GRB positions with a

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GRB050223 was discovered by the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer on 23 February 2005 and was the first Gamma-Ray Burst to be observed by both Swift and XMM-Newton. At the time of writing (May 2005), it

Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer: The First Results

The Swift GRB Explorer mission is designed to discover ~100 new gamma-ray bursts each year, and immediately (within tens of seconds) to start simultaneous X-ray, optical and ultraviolet observations

Gamma-ray bursts and their use as cosmic probes

  • P. Schady
  • Physics
    Royal Society Open Science
  • 2017
Some of the milestones made in GRB research during the Swift era are summarized, and how previous widely accepted theoretical models have had to adapt to accommodate the new wealth of observational data are summarized.

High-z gamma-ray bursts for unraveling the dark ages mission HiZ-GUNDAM

We are now investigating and studying a small satellite mission HiZ-GUNDAM for future observation of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The mission concept is to probe “the end of dark ages and the dawn of



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The X-ray telescope (XRT) enables Swift to determine GRB positions with a few arcseconds accuracy within 100 s of the burst onset, and will measure spectra and lightcurves of the GRB afterglow beginning about a minute after the burst and will follow each burst for days or weeks.

The radio afterglow from the γ-ray burst of 8 May 1997

Important insight into the nature of γ-ray bursts (GRBs) has been gained in recent months mainly due to the immediate, precise localization of the bursts and the discovery of relatively long-lived

A General Gamma-Ray Source Catalog

The past several years have seen unprecedented growth in the field of gamma-ray astronomy. Highly successful missions such as the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) have led to both a great

Discovery of an X-ray afterglow associated with the γ-ray burst of 28 February 1997

Establishing the nature of γ-ray bursts is one of the greatest challenges in high-energy astrophysics. The distribution of these bursts is isotropic across the sky, but inhomogeneous in space, with a

Probing the Warm Intergalactic Medium through Absorption against Gamma-Ray Burst X-Ray Afterglows

Gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows close to their peak intensity are among the brightest X-ray sources in the sky. Despite their fast power-law-like decay, when fluxes are integrated from minutes up to

Gamma-Ray Bursts and Type Ic Supernova SN 1998bw

Recently a Type Ic supernova, SN 1998bw, was discovered coincident with a gamma-ray burst, GRB 980425. The supernova had unusual radio, optical, and spectroscopic properties. Among other things, it

A Submillimeter and Radio Survey of Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxies: A Glimpse into the Future of Star Formation Studies

We present the first comprehensive search for submillimeter and radio emission from the host galaxies of 20 well-localized gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). With the exception of a single source, all

The Third BATSE Gamma-Ray Burst Catalog

The Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) has triggered on 1122 cosmic gamma-ray bursts between 1991 April 19 and 1994 September 19. These events

Transient optical emission from the error box of the γ-ray burst of 28 February 1997

For almost a quarter of a century1, the origin of γ-ray bursts— brief, energetic bursts of high-energy photons—has remained unknown. The detection of a counterpart at another wavelength has long been

The signature of supernova ejecta in the X-ray afterglow of the γ-ray burst 011211

Now that γ-ray bursts (GRBs) have been determined to lie at cosmological distances, their isotropic burst energies are estimated to be as high as 1054 erg (ref. 2), making them the most energetic