The Surface of Mars: Not Just Dust and Rocks

@article{Golombek2003TheSO,
  title={The Surface of Mars: Not Just Dust and Rocks},
  author={Matthew P. Golombek},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={300},
  pages={2043 - 2044}
}
  • M. Golombek
  • Published 27 June 2003
  • Geology, Physics
  • Science
About 25 years ago, the Viking orbiter returned the first thermal infrared maps of Mars. But these maps of the thermal inertia--or rate of temperature change--of the planet9s surface were not of sufficiently high resolution to provide detailed insights into the bedrock geology of the planet. This is now set to change. In his Perspective, Golombek highlights the report by Christensen et al . of the first data from the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) on Mars Global Surveyor. The new… 
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References

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Abstract High-resolution thermal inertia mapping results are presented, derived from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) observations of the surface temperature of Mars
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TLDR
Remote-sensing data at a scale of generally greater than approximately 1 kilometer and an Earth analog correctly predicted a rocky plain safe for landing and roving with a variety of rocks deposited by catastrophic floods that are relatively dust-free.
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Measurements of Martian emission and reflection reveal wide variations of surface properties and indicate the presence of a larger atmospheric contribution to the observed radiances than was
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The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) on Mars Odyssey has produced infrared to visible wavelength images of the martian surface that show lithologically distinct layers with variable