The Structure of the Atom

  title={The Structure of the Atom},
  author={Ernest Rutherford},
IN a letter to this journal last week, Mr. Soddy has discussed the bearing of my theory of the nucleus atom on radio-active phenomena, and seems to be under the impression that I hold the view that the nucleus must consist entirely of positive electricity. As a matter of fact, I have not discussed in any detail the question of the constitution of the nucleus beyond the statement that it must have a resultant positive charge. There appears to me no doubt that the α particle does arise from the… Expand
151 Citations
J. J. Thomson and the Structure of Light
This essay concerns an aspect of the speculative contributions of J. J. Thomson to a field of physics somewhat removed from that upon which his popular fame and scientific eminence were alikeExpand
Correspondence principle versus Planck-type theory of the atom
This article examines the problem of the origins of the correspondence principle formulated by Bohr in 1920 and intends to test the correctness of the argument that the essential elements of thatExpand
The source of chemical bonding.
  • P. Needham
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Studies in history and philosophy of science
  • 2014
It is seen that the threat of delocalisation can be overstated, although it is questionable whether this should be seen as reinstating the issue of the existence of the chemical bond. Expand
A Principle Written in Diagrams: The Aufbau Principle for Molecules and Its Visual Representations, 1927–1932
Today the aufbau (building-up) principle is best known as a theoretical ground for the electronic interpretation of the periodic table. Proposed by the Danish physicist Niels Bohr in the early 1920s,Expand
A Note on the Prehistory of Superheavy Elements
Artificially produced chemical elements heavier than uranium have been known for more than seventy years and the number of superheavy elements continues to grow. Presently 26 transuranic elements areExpand
An early explanation of the periodic table: Lars Vegard and X-ray spectroscopy
The Norwegian physicist Lars Vegard may have been the first to propose electron configurations for all the chemical elements, from hydrogen to uranium, on the basis of quantum atomic theory. This heExpand
The Origin of Beta Rays, and the Growing Complexity of Their Spectrum: The Rutherford Era, 1911–1919
Ernest Rutherford had a life-long partiality for alpha rays. 1 In the early years of radioactivity he simply considered beta and gamma rays to be of minor interest. “I have often pointed out,” heExpand
Conceptual objections to the Bohr atomic theory — do electrons have a “free will” ?
The atomic model introduced by Bohr in 1913 dominated the development of the old quantum theory. Its main features, such as the radiationless stationary states and the discontinuous quantum jumpsExpand
Early atomic models – from mechanical to quantum (1904–1913)
A complete history of early atomic models would fill volumes, but a reasonably coherent tale of the path from mechanical atoms to the quantum can be told by focusing on the relevant work of threeExpand
Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year Journey 1896 — 1956
Foreword.- Chapter 1. Radioactivity, the First Puzzles.- The "Uranic Rays" of Henri Becquerel.- Polonium and Radium.- Emanation from Thorium.- The Puzzle is Disentangled.- Consecrations and Mourning:Expand