The Story of Nitinol: The Serendipitous Discovery of the Memory Metal and Its Applications

@article{Kauffman1997TheSO,
  title={The Story of Nitinol: The Serendipitous Discovery of the Memory Metal and Its Applications},
  author={George B. Kauffman and Isaac Mayo},
  journal={The Chemical Educator},
  year={1997},
  volume={2},
  pages={1-21}
}
The shape-retaining alloy Nitinol (Nickel Titanium Naval Ordance Laboratory), the “metal with a memory,” is revolutionizing manufacturing, engineering, and medicine as countless products that “think” for themselves enter the marketplace. This article recounts its discovery in 1959 by William J. Buehler of the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, its subsequent development by Buehler and Frederick E. Wang, and its applications in orthopedic and cardiovascular surger, orthodontics, solid-state heat… 
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