The Stigma of Obesity in Women: The Difference is Black and White

@article{Hebl1998TheSO,
  title={The Stigma of Obesity in Women: The Difference is Black and White},
  author={Michelle R. Hebl and Todd F. Heatherton},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1998},
  volume={24},
  pages={417 - 426}
}
This study examined whether there is subcultural variation in the stigma of obesity. Black and White women rated photographs of thin, average, and large Black and White women on a number of evaluative dimensions. The photographs depicted professional models dressed in fashionable clothing. Results showed that White women rated large women, especially large White women, lower on attractiveness, intelligence, job success, relationship success, happiness, and popularity than they did average or… Expand
The Stigma of Obesity: What About Men?
An accumulation of research has shown that women (particularly White women) stigmatize obesity and are stigmatized for being obese (e.g., Crocker, Cornwell, & Major, 1993; Hebl & Heatherton, 1997).Expand
Big and beautiful? Evidence of racial differences in the perceived attractiveness of obese females.
TLDR
It is found that overweight and obese white female adolescents are, respectively, 23% and 40% less likely, on average, to be perceived as physically attractive compared to normal-weight white girls, which suggests that the range of body sizes considered attractive may be wider for black females. Expand
Black/White Differences in Perceived Weight and Attractiveness among Overweight Women
TLDR
The study findings provide further support for the buffering hypothesis, indicating that despite higher body mass, overweight Black women are less susceptible to thin body ideals than White women. Expand
Are black-white differences in females' body dissatisfaction decreasing? A meta-analytic review.
TLDR
The authors examined temporal trends in Black-White differences and also examined whether these differences generalize across various age groups and measures, finding more favorable body image evaluations among Black than White females. Expand
Stigmatized students: age, sex, and ethnicity effects in the stigmatization of obesity.
TLDR
Although the stigmatization of obesity was high among participants overall, African- American women seemed to have more positive attitudes toward obesity than did white women, white men, or African-American men, andAfrican-American women liked obese peers more than did black men, black women, or white women. Expand
Ethnic differences in the stigma of obesity: Identification and engagement with a thin ideal
In the current research, components of disidentification theory [Steele, C. M., & Aronson, J. (1995). Stereotype vulnerability and the intellectual test performance of African–Americans. Journal ofExpand
Bulimic Symptoms and Body Image Dissatisfaction in College Women: More Affected by Climate or Race?
TLDR
The hypothesis that having a positive body image and less susceptibility to mainstream aesthetic standards of appearance may reduce the risk of eating disorder pathology in Black women is supported. Expand
Do Racial Minorities Respond in the Same Way to Mainstream Beauty Standards? Social Comparison Processes in Asian, Black, and White Women
Some members of stigmatized groups, such as Asian women, may be more likely to experience negative self-evaluations after exposure to a mainstream beauty standard than members of other stigmatizedExpand
The Stigma of Obesity: A Review and Update
TLDR
This review expands upon previous findings of weight bias in major domains of living, documents new areas where weight bias has been studied, and highlights ongoing research questions that need to be addressed to advance this field of study. Expand
Is Fat a Feminist Issue? Exploring the Gendered Nature of Weight Bias
Although research and scholarship on weight-based stigma have increased substantially in recent years, the disproportionate degree of bias experienced by fat women has received considerably lessExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Attitudes toward body size and dieting: differences between elderly black and white women.
TLDR
Compared with Black women, White women perceived themselves to be larger and reported a lower ideal body weight and among those who were not overweight, Black women were half as likely as White women to consider themselves overweight. Expand
The stigma of obesity: the consequences of naive assumptions concerning the causes of physical deviance.
  • W. DeJong
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1980
TLDR
It was demonstrated that unless the obese target could offer an "excuse" for her weight, such as a glandular disorder, or could report recent successful weight loss, she was given a less positive evaluation, and was less liked, than was a normal-weight target. Expand
"Their ideas of beauty are, on the whole, the same as ours": Consistency and variability in the cross-cultural perception of female physical attractiveness.
The consistency of physical attractiveness ratings across cultural groups was examined. In Study 1, recently arrived native Asian and Hispanic students and White Americans rated the attractiveness ofExpand
Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature.
TLDR
A review of 144 published studies of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity reveals a strong inverse relationship among women in developed societies and values congruent with the distribution of obesity by SES in different societies. Expand
Stereotypes and ethnocentrism: diverging interethnic perceptions of African American and white American youth.
TLDR
Examining issues of perceived variability and ethnocentrism among samples of White American and African American youth to examine theoretical issues in stereotyping and to describe the current state of ethnic interrelations among young people. Expand
Do Parents Discriminate Against their Heavyweight Daughters?
In a 1991 study, the author found that females were less likely to receive support from their parents for college education if they were fatter than average. This effect is replicated for femaleExpand
The Ideology of Anti‐Fat Attitudes1
We surveyed over 1,000 undergraduates about their attitudes toward fatness and fat people. A consistent pattern of attitudes emerged: People who were anti-fat shared an ideologically conservativeExpand
The Study of Culture, Ethnicity, and Race in American Psychology
The study of culture and related concepts, such as ethnicityand race, in American psychology are examined in thisarticle. First, the conceptual confusion and ways in whichculture, ethnicity, and raceExpand
Obesity in black adolescent girls: a controlled clinical trial of treatment by diet, behavior modification, and parental support.
TLDR
Weight reduction was associated with significant improvements in body composition, serum total cholesterol concentrations, and psychological status and the greater the number of sessions attended by mothers, the greater their daughters' weight losses. Expand
Prejudice against fat people: ideology and self-interest.
  • C. Crandall
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1994
TLDR
Fatism appears to behave much like symbolic racism, but with less of the negative social desirability of racism, and three commonalities between antifat attitudes and racism were explored. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...