The Stereotypical Computer Scientist: Gendered Media Representations as a Barrier to Inclusion for Women

@article{Cheryan2013TheSC,
  title={The Stereotypical Computer Scientist: Gendered Media Representations as a Barrier to Inclusion for Women},
  author={Sapna Cheryan and Victoria C. Plaut and Caitlin Handron and Lauren Hudson},
  journal={Sex Roles},
  year={2013},
  volume={69},
  pages={58-71}
}
The present research examines undergraduates’ stereotypes of the people in computer science, and whether changing these stereotypes using the media can influence women’s interest in computer science. In Study 1, college students at two U.S. West Coast universities (N = 293) provided descriptions of computer science majors. Coding these descriptions revealed that computer scientists were perceived as having traits that are incompatible with the female gender role, such as lacking interpersonal… 
Drawing a computer scientist: stereotypical representations or lack of awareness?
TLDR
It is found that perceptions youth holds about computer scientists may be improving and the lack of awareness about this profession among the youth of this age is cast light on.
Cultural stereotypes as gatekeepers: increasing girls’ interest in computer science and engineering by diversifying stereotypes
TLDR
It is proposed that students’ stereotypes about the culture of these fields—including the kind of people, the work involved, and the values of the field—steer girls away from choosing to enter them, and altering these stereotypes significantly increases girls’ sense of belonging and interest in the field.
Children’s Implicit and Explicit Stereotypes on the Gender, Social Skills, and Interests of a Computer Scientist
TLDR
This study focuses on children’s implicit and explicit stereotypes regarding computer scientists’ gender, social skills and interests, and applies the reduced-length Child Implicit Association Test to measure children's stereotypes on computer scientists.
Computing Whether She Belongs: Stereotypes Undermine Girls’ Interest and Sense of Belonging in Computer Science
Computer science has one of the largest gender disparities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. An important reason for this disparity is that girls are less likely than boys to
"I Don't Code All Day": Fitting in Computer Science When the Stereotypes Don't Fit
TLDR
How students measure their fit with CS in terms of the amount they see themselves as expressing the traits of singular focus, asocialness, competition, and maleness is described and how students make interpretations and decisions based upon these measurements.
Who is a scientist? The relationship between counter-stereotypical beliefs about scientists and the STEM major intentions of Black and Latinx male and female students
Background Despite the diverse student population in the USA, the labor force in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) does not reflect this reality. While restrictive messages
Born to Code: Does the Portrayal of Computer Scientists as Geniuses Undermine Adolescent Youths' Motivational Beliefs?
  • C. Starr
  • Psychology
    Frontiers in Psychology
  • 2021
Introduction: Computer scientists are often stereotyped as geniuses who are naturally gifted in pSTEM (physical Sciences, Technology, Engineering, and Math). Prior correlational research found that
Female Teenagers in Computer Science Education: Understanding Stereotypes, Negative Impacts, and Positive Motivation
TLDR
An overview of gender stereotypes is presented by summarizing the negative impressions female teenagers experience during CS classes and also influences that may be preventing girls from taking an interest in CS.
Girls in Engineering Draw a Computer Scientist
TLDR
Exposing girls to other female engineers and engaging them in age-appropriate engineering activities broadened their perspectives on what a computer scientist looks like.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 95 REFERENCES
Ambient belonging: how stereotypical cues impact gender participation in computer science.
TLDR
Objects can come to broadcast stereotypes of a group, which in turn can deter people who do not identify with these stereotypes from joining that group, as demonstrated in four studies.
Examining the “Male, Antisocial” Stereotype of High Computer Users
The popular stereotype of the frequent computer user persists to be one of a male, socially inadequate and isolated individual—a perception which has been found to cause many students to avoid coming
Images of self and others as computer users: the role of gender and experience
TLDR
Two studies that use surveys, drawings and interviews to examine sixth- and eighth-grade students' perceptions of knowledgeable computer users and their self-perception as a computer-type person suggest that while there is a male image of computer science in general, it is not overly negative and students' self-Perception is not governed by their own gender as much as by other variables.
Consuming Images: How Television Commercials that Elicit Stereotype Threat Can Restrain Women Academically and Professionally
Women in quantitative fields risk being personally reduced to negative stereotypes that allege a sex-based math inability. This situational predicament, termed stereotype threat, can undermine
Assessing Media Influences on Middle School–Aged Children's Perceptions of Women in Science Using the Draw-A-Scientist Test (DAST)
Gender stereotypes in the mass media perpetuate traditional views of women that may influence children's perceptions of women in science, engineering, and technology. This study used a randomized
Explaining Underrepresentation: A Theory of Precluded Interest
TLDR
Among a set of social predictors—including perceived similarity to the people in the field, social identity threats, and expectations of success—the best mediator of women’s lower interest in computer science and men’S lowerinterest in English was perceived similarity.
Gender differences in computer science students
TLDR
It is found that men had more confidence in using computers than did women even when statistically controlling quantitative ability, and female CS majors had less computer confidence than did male non-majors.
Primary children's conceptions of science and the scientist : is the impact of a National Curriculum breaking down the stereotype?
Past research has shown that children hold images of scientists and their work which fit a stereotype of scientists as male, balding, bespectacled and with a laboratory coat, working alone in a
Do Female and Male Role Models Who Embody STEM Stereotypes Hinder Women’s Anticipated Success in STEM?
Women who have not yet entered science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields underestimate how well they will perform in those fields (e.g., Correll, 2001; Meece, Parsons, Kaczala,
...
...