The Status of the Pedestrian Mall in American Downtowns

@article{Robertson1990TheSO,
  title={The Status of the Pedestrian Mall in American Downtowns},
  author={Kent A. Robertson},
  journal={Urban Affairs Review},
  year={1990},
  volume={26},
  pages={250 - 273}
}
  • K. Robertson
  • Published 1 December 1990
  • History
  • Urban Affairs Review
During the last 30 years, pedestrian malls have been built in hundreds of American cities in an attempt to revitalize downtown retailing. The majority of the malls that were opened in the 1960s and 1970s did not fulfill original expectations. Few malls are being constructed today, and city officials nationwide are pondering the future of existing malls. Pedestrian malls in six American cities are described and evaluated in this article to clarify (1) the extent to which malls have changed in… 
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References

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Gågade, The Danish Pedestrian Shopping Street
Since 1962 virtually every Danish town has converted its major downtown shopping street into a pedestrian thoroughfare known as a gågade (walking street). The gågader have been successful at
Pedestrian Malls in West Germany: Perceptions of their Role and Stages in their Development
Abstract This article traces the evolution of pedestrian malls in West German cities to show how the concept changed from its ad hoc origins after 1945 and became the major environmental and social
PEDESTRIAN SKYWALK SYSTEMS: DOWNTOWN'S GREAT HOPE OR PATHWAYS TO RUIN?
This article attempts to meet the need for comprehensive skywalk research by examining skywalk systems in 5 midwestern cities. It describes and evaluates skywalks on the basis of usage, access and