The State of Remote Sensing Capabilities of Cascading Hazards Over High Mountain Asia

  title={The State of Remote Sensing Capabilities of Cascading Hazards Over High Mountain Asia},
  author={Dalia B. Kirschbaum and C. Scott Watson and David R. Rounce and Dan H. Shugar and Jeffrey S. Kargel and Umesh K. Haritashya and Pukar Amatya and David E. Shean and Eric Anderson and M. Jo},
  journal={Frontiers in earth science},
Cascading hazard processes refer to a primary trigger such as heavy rainfall, seismic activity, or snow melt, followed by a chain or web of consequences that can cause subsequent hazards influenced by a complex array of preconditions and vulnerabilities. These interact in multiple ways and can have tremendous impacts on populations proximate to or downstream of these initial triggers. High Mountain Asia (HMA) is extremely vulnerable to cascading hazard processes given the tectonic… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

High Mountain Asia hydropower systems threatened by climate-driven landscape instability
Global warming-induced melting and thawing of the cryosphere are severely altering the volume and timing of water supplied from High Mountain Asia, adversely affecting downstream food and energy
Remote sensing of the mountain cryosphere: Current capabilities and future opportunities for research
Remote sensing technologies are integral to monitoring the mountain cryosphere in a warming world. Satellite missions and field-based platforms have transformed understanding of the processes driving
Cryosphere hazards in Ladakh: the 2014 Gya glacial lake outburst flood and its implications for risk assessment
This article attempts to reconstruct the causes and consequences of the 2014 glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) event in Gya, Ladakh. We analyse the evolution of the Gya glacial lake using a high
Geomorphic and Sedimentary Effects of Modern Climate Change: Current and Anticipated Future Conditions in the Western United States
Hydroclimatic changes associated with global warming over the past 50 years have been documented widely, but physical landscape responses are poorly understood thus far. Detecting sedimentary and
Glacial change and hydrological implications in the Himalaya and Karakoram
Glaciers in the Himalaya–Karakoram mountain ranges harbour approximately half of the ice volume in High-mountain Asia and modulate the flow of freshwater to almost 869 million people within the
Characteristics of two complex rock and glacier avalanches and RAMMS simulation of a long-runout disaster in the Sedongpu Basin of the Yarlung Zangbo River downstream in October 2018, Tibet, China
On October 17 and 29, 2018, two rock and glacier avalanches occurred on the western slope of the Sedongpu Basin upstream of the Yarlung Zangbo River in the Tibetan Plateau, forming the disaster
HazMapper: A global open-source natural hazard mapping application in Google Earth Engine
Abstract. Modern satellite networks with rapid image acquisition cycles allow for near-real-time imaging of areas impacted by natural hazards such as mass wasting, flooding, and volcanic eruptions.
Remote Monitoring of Ground Motion Hazards in High Mountain Terrain Using InSAR: A Case Study of the Lake Sarez Area, Tajikistan
High mountain terrains, with steep slopes and deep valleys, are generally challenging areas to monitor using satellite earth observation techniques since the terrain creates perspective distortions


Remote sensing of glacier- and permafrost-related hazards in high mountains: an overview
Abstract. Process interactions and chain reactions, the present shift of cryospheric hazard zones due to atmospheric warming, and the potential far reach of glacier disasters make it necessary to
Assessment of the hazard potential of ice avalanches using remote sensing and GIS‐modelling
Ice avalanches typically occur when a large mass of ice breaks off from steep glaciers. Since the reach of ice avalanches is usually low, their hazard potential is generally restricted to high
Regional-scale analysis of lake outburst hazards in the southwestern Pamir, Tajikistan, based on remote sensing and GIS
Abstract. This paper presents an analysis of the hazards emanating from the sudden drainage of alpine lakes in South-Western Tajik Pamir. In the last 40 yr, several new lakes have formed in the front
Remote Sensing Technologies for Monitoring Climate Change Impacts on Glacier- and Permafrost-Related Hazards
Glacier- and permafrost-related hazards represent a continuous threat to human lives and infrastructure in high mountain regions. Because the surface and subsurface ice involved is generally close to
Multiple remote sensing assessment of the catastrophic collapse in Langtang Valley induced by the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake
Abstract. The main shock of the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal induced numerous avalanches, rockfalls, and landslides in Himalayan mountain regions. A major village in the Langtang Valley was
Glacial lake outburst flood risk in Himachal Pradesh, India: an integrative and anticipatory approach considering current and future threats
Glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) are a serious and potentially increasing threat to livelihoods and infrastructure in most high-mountain regions of the world. Here, we integrate modelling