The Spreading of Disorder

@article{Keizer2008TheSO,
  title={The Spreading of Disorder},
  author={K. Keizer and S. Lindenberg and L. Steg},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={322},
  pages={1681 - 1685}
}
Imagine that the neighborhood you are living in is covered with graffiti, litter, and unreturned shopping carts. Would this reality cause you to litter more, trespass, or even steal? A thesis known as the broken windows theory suggests that signs of disorderly and petty criminal behavior trigger more disorderly and petty criminal behavior, thus causing the behavior to spread. This may cause neighborhoods to decay and the quality of life of its inhabitants to deteriorate. For a city government… Expand

Topics from this paper

Broken Windows: The Spread and Control of Crime
Early social statisticians in the nineteenth century were astonished to find that the prevalence of crimes from year to year followed a precise mathematical pattern. Specifically, variations from theExpand
Local norms of cheating and the cultural evolution of crime and punishment: a study of two urban neighborhoods
TLDR
Support is provided for three potentially simultaneous positive feedback mechanisms by which the perception that others are behaving antisocially can lead to further antisocial behavior: (1) motivation to avoid being suckered, (2) decreased punishment of antissocial behavior, and (3) decreased expectation of punishment ofantisocial behavior. Expand
Neighbourhood wealth, not urbanicity, predicts prosociality towards strangers
TLDR
There was no effect of either urbanicity or population density on people's willingness to help a stranger, and the neighbourhood level of deprivation explained most of the variance in helping behaviour with help being offered less frequently in more deprived neighbourhoods. Expand
‘Broken hospital windows’: debating the theory of spreading disorder and its application to healthcare organizations
BackgroundResearch in criminology and social-psychology supports the idea that visible signs of disorder, both physical and social, may perpetuate further disorder, leading to neighborhoodExpand
CRIMINAL BEWARE: A SOCIAL NORMS PERSPECTIVE ON POSTING PUBLIC WARNING SIGNS*
Recent studies have suggested that crime-prevention strategies tend to interact with characteristics of the community in such a way that what works in one community might not work in another. In thisExpand
The impact of social disorder on crime: The case of homelessness
The highly influential broken windows theory predicts that homelessness and other forms of social disorder increase crime by signaling to potential criminals that the police are not monitoring aExpand
Social contagion of ethnic hostility
TLDR
Experimental evidence on peer effects is provided and it is shown that behavior that harms members of a different ethnic group is twice as contagious asbehavior that harms coethnics. Expand
Are public misperceptions of crime trends a cause of criminality? Evidence from a randomized experiment
ABSTRACT Economists and psychologists have found that people tend to follow descriptive norms (what others do). Accordingly, the view that an increasing number of people engage in crime may increaseExpand
SPLENDOR IN THE BLUEGRASS: THE POLICING OF DRUG RELATED CRIME IN LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY
OF THESIS SPLENDOR IN THE BLUEGRASS: THE POLICING OF DRUG RELATED CRIME IN LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY This project is designed as a case study investigating the relationship and practices between residentsExpand
The Consequence of Being a Target of Suspicion: Potential Pitfalls of Proactive Policing
During the latter half of the 20th century a new model of policing developed in the United States which continues to dominate American policing today. It has two key features. First, it proactivelyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 212 REFERENCES
CRIMINAL BEWARE: A SOCIAL NORMS PERSPECTIVE ON POSTING PUBLIC WARNING SIGNS*
Recent studies have suggested that crime-prevention strategies tend to interact with characteristics of the community in such a way that what works in one community might not work in another. In thisExpand
Crime and Context: The Impact of Individual, Neighborhood, City and Country Characteristics on Victimization
This book deals with the distribution of criminal victimization across social groups and spatial areas. Why do certain kinds of people run higher risk of victimization than others? Why do spatialExpand
Systematic Social Observation of Public Spaces: A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods1
This article assesses the sources and consequences of public disorder. Based on the videotaping and systematic rating of more than 23,000 street segments in Chicago, highly reliable scales of socialExpand
Have Changes in Policing Reduced Violent Crime? An Assessment of the Evidence
The police do not prevent crime. This is one of the best kept secrets of modern life. Experts know it, the police know it, but the public does not know it. Yet the police pretend that they areExpand
Fairness and effectiveness in policing : the evidence
Because police are the most visible face of government power for most citizens, they are expected to deal effectively with crime and disorder and to be impartial. Producing justice through the fair,Expand
Crafting Normative Messages to Protect the Environment
It is widely recognized that communications that activate social norms can be effective in producing societally beneficial conduct. Not so well recognized are the circumstances under which normativeExpand
Social Norms, Feelings, and Other Factors Affecting Helping and Altruism1
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses social norms, feelings, and other factors that influence helping and altruism. Externally derived incentives are undoubtedly major determinants of behavior,Expand
Littering as a Function of Prior Litter and The Presence or Absence of Prohibitive Signs1
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect on littering behavior of (1) two types of antilitter signs and (2) the condition of the environment (littered vs. unlittered). It wasExpand
Descriptive Social Norms as Underappreciated Sources of Social Control
Böckenholt and van der Heijden’s results regarding compliance with insurance regulations—that the enforcement activities of a regulatory agency were relatively unpredictive of compliance—areExpand
Reflecting on the Subject: A Critique of the Social Influence Conception of Deterrence, the Broken Windows Theory, and Order-Maintenance Policing New York Style
There has been overwhelming support for order-maintenance policing, in particular for New York City's quality-of-life initiative, in the media, among public officials and policy-makers, and inExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...