The Soviet computer industry: a tale of two sectors

  title={The Soviet computer industry: a tale of two sectors},
  author={S. Goodman and W. K. McHenry},
  journal={Commun. ACM},
For the Soviet economy in general, and the Soviet computing community in particular, the last few years have been a period of unprecedented troubles and changes. The old, stable, centrally planned economic system has proven to be far more brittle than almost anyone expected; but attempts to build a market economy have fallen far short of many hopes and expectations. The net result to date is an economy in confusion and shambles (e.g., see [3, 6]). 

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