The South Pole Telescope

  title={The South Pole Telescope},
  author={John E. Ruhl and P. A. R. Ade and John E. Carlstrom and Hsiao-mei Cho. and Thomas M. Crawford and M. A. Dobbs and Christopher H. Greer and Nils W. Halverson and William L. Holzapfel and Trevor Lanting and Adrian T. Lee and Erik M. Leitch and Jonathan Leong and W. Lu and M. Lueker and Jared Mehl and Stephan S. Meyer and Joseph J. Mohr and Stephen Padin and Thomas J. Plagge and Clement L Pryke and Marcus C. Runyan and Dan Schwan and Matthew K. Sharp and H. Spieler and Zachary Staniszewski and Antony A. Stark},
  booktitle={SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation},
A new 10 meter diameter telescope is being constructed for deployment at the NSF South Pole research station. The telescope is designed for conducting large-area millimeter and sub-millimeter wave surveys of faint, low contrast emission, as required to map primary and secondary anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background. To achieve the required sensitivity and resolution, the telescope design employs an off-axis primary with a 10 meter diameter clear aperture. The full aperture and the… 
SPIDER: a new balloon-borne experiment to measure CMB polarization on large angular scales
We describe SPIDER, a novel balloon-borne experiment designed to measure the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) on large angular scales. The primary goal of SPIDER is to detect the
Cold optical design for the large aperture Simons' Observatory telescope
The Simons Observatory will consist of a single large (6 m diameter) telescope and a number of smaller (∼0.5 m diameter) refracting telescopes designed to measure the polarization of the Cosmic
Optical design of the large sub-millimeter Atacama telescope, LSAT
The study of the evolution of the early universe, when the first galaxies began to form, is one of the driving factors in the development of large infrared and sub-millimeter telescopes. The large
South Pole Telescope optics.
The South Pole Telescope is a 10 m diameter, wide-field, offset Gregorian telescope with a 966-pixel, millimeter-wave, bolometer array receiver. The telescope has an unusual optical system with a
The South Pole Telescope SZ-Receiver Detectors
We will discuss the design, fabrication, and testing of a 960-element TES array installed on the new 10 meter South Pole Telescope (SPT). This array is designed to survey for galaxy clusters using
LAPCAT: the Large Antarctic Plateau Clear-Aperture Telescope
We present a proposal for an 8.4 metre off-axis optical/IR telescope to be located at Dome C, Antarctica. LAPCAT will use a mirror identical to the offset segment recently cast for the Giant Magellan
A Frequency Domain Multiplexed Receiver for the South Pole Telescope
The South Pole Telescope (SPT), like its precursor experiment APEX‐SZ, makes mm‐wavelength observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). Both of these experiments utilize large‐scale
Science Programs for a 2-m Class Telescope at Dome C, Antarctica: PILOT, the Pathfinder for an International Large Optical Telescope
Abstract The cold, dry, and stable air above the summits of the Antarctic plateau provides the best ground-based observing conditions from optical to sub-millimetre wavelengths to be found on the
Design of wide-field Nasmyth optics for a submillimeter camera
We designed wide FoV (1 degree) Nasmyth optics which transformed the f/6 Nasmyth focus to f/1 at a 850GHz superconducting camera for a planning 10-m Ritchey-Chrétien telescope. This optical system


Meeting the Optical Requirements of Large Focal-Plane Arrays
Technological advances will allow the placement of many Terahertz detectors at the focal plane of a single telescope. For a telescope of a given diameter and wavelength of operation, there is a limit
Design considerations for large detector arrays on submillimeter-wave telescopes
  • A. Stark
  • Physics
    Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
  • 2000
The emerging technology of large (approximately 10,000 pixel) submillimeter-wave bolometer arrays presents a novel optical design problem -- how can such arrays be fed by diffraction- limited
Terahertz Initiatives at the Antarctic Submillimeter Telescope and Remote Observatory (AST/RO)
The Antarctic Submillimeter Telescope and Remote Observatory (AST/RO) is a 1.7-meter diameter offset Gregorian instrument located at the NSF Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. This site is
We report the first measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation with the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver (ACBAR). The instrument was installed on the
Bolometer array development at the Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie
Continuum radiometers based on bolometers have a long tradition at the Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (MPIfR) in Bonn, Germany. Arrays of bolometers have been under development since the
A Deep Submillimeter Survey of Lensing Clusters: A New Window on Galaxy Formation and Evolution
We present the first results of a submillimeter survey of distant clusters using the new Submillimeter Common-User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We have mapped fields
The 492 GHz Atmospheric Opacity at the Geographic South Pole
We present narrow-bandwidth submillimeter-wave sky opacity measurements made from the South Pole between 1995 February 9 and November 17, a period that includes an entire Austral winter. These
Site Test Interferometer
To evaluate possible sites for NRAO's proposed Millimeter Array, we constructed interferometers to directly measure the tropospheric phase stability. These instruments observe an unmodulated 11.5 GHz
MAXIMA-1: A Measurement of the cosmic microwave background anisotropy on angular scales of 10 arcminutes to 5 degrees
We present a map and an angular power spectrum of the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) from the first flight of MAXIMA. MAXIMA is a balloon-borne experiment with an array of 16
Degree Angular Scale Interferometer First Results: A Measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background Angular Power Spectrum
We present measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) from the first season of observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (DASI). The instrument was deployed