The Somali and the Camel: Ecology, Management and Economics

  title={The Somali and the Camel: Ecology, Management and Economics},
  author={K. Farah and D. Nyariki and R. Ngugi and I. M. Noor and A. Y. Guliye},
  journal={The Anthropologist},
  pages={45 - 55}
Camel production is a major source of livelihood for the pastoralists in the drier parts of Kenya. [...] Key Method Besides a thorough literature search, a survey was conducted to collect data on these aspects. The results show that the Somali pastoralists have evolved rational strategies for adapting to the prevailing production conditions of fluctuating forage amounts, and inadequate water and mineral salts. Some of the strategies include herd splitting, watering intervals and salt supplementation. Several…Expand
Production systems and reproductive performances of Camelus dromedarius in Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia
Across-sectional questionnaire survey and focused group discussions were conducted to characterize camel production systems and to evaluate reproductive performances of camels at their naturalExpand
Camel production systems in Ethiopia: a review of literature with notes on MERS-CoV risk factors
There is an increasing need to determine whether camels are clinically susceptible, act as potential reservoirs and maintenance or bridge hosts, to viral pathogens. Expand
Husbandry and breeding practices of dromedary camels among pastoral communities of Afar and Somali regional states, Ethiopia
The objectives of this paper were to identify and describe husbandry practices, herd structure, owners' trait preferences, breeding practices, and production constraints of camel in the two majorExpand
Camel Rearing in Urban and Rural Areas of Bikaner District
In terms of numerical importance, the camel ranks only as a minor domestic animal. The world population of camels consists of about 17.5 million compared with 1270 million cattle, 1145 million sheep,Expand
A review on several important aspects of the camels
The present study was conducted to gather the information regarding habitat, population, management, production and economic analysis of the camels worldwide. The main findings of review showed camelExpand
Assessing the potential of camel milk as a livelihood option in the face of climatic and environmental changes in drylands of Kenya
Resume Research Application Summary Assessing the potential of camel milk as a livelihood option in the face of climatic and environmental changes in drylands of Kenya Yazan Elhadi, A.M.1, Nyariki,Expand
Assessment of camel and camel milk marketing practices in an emerging peri-urban production system in Isiolo County, Kenya
Pastoral camel management practices in Kenya, characterised by free herd mobility that enables efficient utilisation of rangeland resources, is progressively restricted to foraging within theExpand
The traditional livestock breeding practices of women and men Somali pastoralists: breeding management and beliefs on breeding issues
In Somalia, located in the horn of Africa and one of the world’s poorest countries, livestock are the mainstay of the economy. While strengthening the livestock sector is considered key to reducedExpand
Role of camel milk in pastoral livelihoods in Kenya: contribution to household diet and income
Pastoral livestock production in Kenya is subject to unpredictable rainfall and drought occurrences. These adverse climatic conditions have led to vulnerable and insecure pastoral livelihoods.Expand
Traditional livestock breeding practices of men and women Somali pastoralists: trait preferences and selection of breeding animals.
  • K. Marshall, N. Mtimet, +4 authors R. Costagli
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Journal of animal breeding and genetics = Zeitschrift fur Tierzuchtung und Zuchtungsbiologie
  • 2016
There was strong alignment between the livestock selection criteria used by the Somali pastoralists, their reasons for keeping livestock and the market requirements. Expand


The Borana pastoral system of Southern Ethiopia
Abstract This paper, based on the Joint Ethiopian Pastoral Systems Study (JEPSS) conducted from the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA), describes the Borana System of Southern Ethiopia.Expand
Production policies for pastoralists: The Borana case☆
Abstract The design of improved technology or production policies depends upon evaluation of alternative options in terms of their efficiency. Measurement of the efficiency of a pastoral livestockExpand
Ecophysiological characteristics of large herbivorous mammals in arid Africa and the Middle East
This paper attempts to focus the knowledge and the understanding of the ecophysiological capacities of wild and domesticated ungulates in arid zones of north Africa and the Middle East by evaluating the capacities of the water economy of a range of ungulate species in relation to their energy metabolism in the field. Expand
Camel production in kenya and its constraints
The effects of different management systems, traditional nomadic vs. commercial ranching, on growth, fertility and early mortality, as well as the differences in the genetic potential of two types of indigenous camels are described. Expand
The camel
Camel is a very hardy animal and well adapted anatomically as well as physiologically to harsh climatic conditions of desert Neverthless, it suffers from various endo and ecto-parasitic diseasesExpand
Rapid appraisal and cost-effective participatory research in dry pastoral areas of West Africa
Abstract Special problems exist for data collection in pastoral areas. These are discussed together with experience in West Africa with methods which require the pastoralists to generate informationExpand
Pastoral Development Planning
Despite all the efforts of development agencies, pastoral communities in Africa are no less vulnerable to drought, famine and environmental degradation than they were during the 1950s. AgenciesExpand
Past, present and future research on the one-humped camel in Africa
This paper briefly reviews the importance of the one-humped camel in Africa. A review and analysis of past research based on 3000 literature items is followed by a tabulation of major aspects ofExpand
The Camel and the Wheel
Why, for many centuries, was the wheel abandoned in the Middle East in favor of the camel as a means of transport? This richly illustrated study explains this anomaly. Drawing on archaeology, art,Expand
The dairy characteristics of the Kenyan camel
La chamelle a ete capable of maintenir un niveau de production laitiere entre 6 and 8 kg par jour pendant les sept premiers mois of lactation, a partir d'une alimenation basee sur the vegetation naturelle. Expand