The Solutrean Atlantic Hypothesis: A View from the Ocean

  title={The Solutrean Atlantic Hypothesis: A View from the Ocean},
  author={Kieran Westley and Justin Dix},
Abstract One current hypothesis for the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas invokes a dispersal by European hunter-gatherers along a biologically productive “corridor” situated on the edge of the sea-ice that filled the Atlantic Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). In this paper, we assert that critical paleoceanographic data underpinning this hypothesis has not yet been examined in sufficient detail. To this end, we present data which show that the corridor may not have existed, and… 

Solutrean Seal Hunters?

The claim for purported similarities in the artifact assemblages of Solutrean Paleolithic foragers (23,500–20,000 cal bp) and Clovis Paleoindians (13,300–12,800 cal bp) has resulted in the resurgence

The origins of the first settlers in the Americas

The recent proposal that North America was first settled by Upper Palaeolithic people from Europe who crossed the Atlantic along the edge of the Arctic ice sheet has generated considerable

A Framework for the Initial Occupation of the Americas

  • D. Madsen
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Abstract A substantial amount of archaeological data suggests groups with markedly different lithic technologies and subsistence adaptations were widespread throughout both American continents by

Genetic Evidence against a Paleolithic European Contribution to Past or Present Native Americans

ABSTRACT Modern and ancient genomics have recently ignited new debates in the field of peopling of the Americas, sometimes bringing up some odd scenarios. One of those is the Solutrean hypothesis. We

On the Inferred Age and Origin of Lithic Bi-Points from the Eastern Seaboard and their Relevance to the Pleistocene Peopling of North America

Abstract Recently, advocates of an “older -than- Clovis” occupation of eastern North America have suggested that bi-pointed leaf-shaped lanceolate stone bifaces provide definitive evidence of human

Ten years of Solutreans on the ice: a consideration of technological logistics and paleogenetics for assessing the colonization of the Americas

Abstract In 2004, a theory positing that Western Europeans were among the first peoples to colonize North America was published within the pages of World Archaeology. Ten years later this theory



The North Atlantic ice-edge corridor: A possible Palaeolithic route to the New World

The early peopling of the New World has been a topic of intense research since the early twentieth century. We contend that the exclusive focus of research on a Beringian entry point has not been

Ice Age Atlantis? Exploring the Solutrean-Clovis ‘connection’

Abstract Bradley and Stanford (2004) have raised now, in several instances, the claim that European Upper Paleolithic Solutrean peoples colonized North America, and gave rise to the archaeological

An Ice Age Refugium for Large Mammals in the Alexander Archipelago, Southeastern Alaska

Genetic and paleontological evidence are combining to provide a new and surprising picture of mammalian biogeography in southeastern Alaska. Prior to our study, the brown and black bears of the

The Peopling of the New World: Present Evidence, New Theories, and Future Directions

The prevailing archaeological consensus on Paleoindian origins and colonization of the Americas has been shaken by recent wide acknowledgment of pre-Clovis occupation at Monte Verde, Chile, and by

The Last Glacial Maximum in the North Sea Basin: micromorphological evidence of extensive glaciation

Despite a long history of investigation, critical issues regarding the last glacial cycle in northwest Europe remain unresolved. One of these refers to the extent, timing and dynamics of Late

Solutrean Settlement of North America? A Review of Reality

  • L. Straus
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 2000
Abstract The Solutrean techno-complex of southern France and the Iberian Peninsula is an impossible candidate as the “source” for either pre-Clovis or Clovis traditions in North America. Primarily

The Yana RHS Site: Humans in the Arctic Before the Last Glacial Maximum

A newly discovered Paleolithic site on the Yana River, Siberia, at 71°N, lies well above the Arctic circle and dates to 27,000 radiocarbon years before present, during glacial times. This age is

Polynyas and Ice Edge Habitats in Cultural Context: Archaeological Perspectives from Southeast Baffin Island

A combination of paleoclimatic proxies, zooarchaeological data from historic Inuit habitation sites, and Geographic Information System (GIS) studies of modern sea-ice extremes were used to track the

Micropaleontology and palynology of core PAR87A‐10: A 23,000 year record of paleoenvironmental changes in the Gulf of Alaska, northeast North Pacific

Micropaleontological data of core PAR87A-10 reveal that the last glacial interval, prior to 13 ka, was marked by low biogenic fluxes and poor CaCO3 preservation. Quantitative estimates of sea-surface