The Solubility of Lignin from Bagasse in a 1,4- Butanediol/water System

Abstract

The solubility of lignin from bagasse in a 1,4-butanediol/water mixed solution was investigated and explained by the solubility parameter (δvalue). To explore the lignin solubility, enzymatic hydrolysis/mild acidolysis lignin (EMAL) isolated from bagasse was used as the starting material to prepare lignin solution by ultrasonic treatment. The lignin content in solution was determined by UV-vis spectroscopy at a wavelength of 280 nm. The results showed that 240 minutes of ultrasonic treatment was needed to achieve lignin dissolution equilibrium in the 1,4butanediol/water mixture. Maximum lignin solubility (14.6 g/L) occurred at a concentration of 80% (v/v). The δ-value of lignin (14.0 (cal/cm)) was calculated based on the atomic and functional groups present in the phenylpropane unit. The δ-values of the 1,4-butanediol/water showed a decrease from 22.31 to 11.09 (cal/cm) as the concentration of 1,4butanediol increased. The maximum lignin solubility predicted by the δvalue should occur at a concentration of 80% (v/v), which agreed with the experimental result.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Wang2011TheSO, title={The Solubility of Lignin from Bagasse in a 1,4- Butanediol/water System}, author={Qiang Wang and Kefu Chen and Jun Li and Guihua Yang and Shanshan Liu and Jun Xu}, year={2011} }