The Sociology of Ethnic Conflicts: Comparative International Perspectives

  title={The Sociology of Ethnic Conflicts: Comparative International Perspectives},
  author={Robin Murphy Williams},
  journal={Review of Sociology},
  • R. Williams
  • Published 1994
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • Review of Sociology
Oppositions and deadly conflicts among ethnic collectivities are important around the word. Ethnies (our term for ethnic groups) also strongly affect interstate relations. Both interethnic and ethnic-state conflicts tend to be severe, protracted, and intractable. At the extremes, the stakes are total: survival versus genocide Competition and rivalry for individualized economic and political goods are important, but the most intense conflicts are to be expected when the stakes are collective… 

Ethnic mobilization, equality and conflict in multi-ethnics states

What are the effects of ethnic mobilization on ethnic equality and conflict? Most of the existing literature has seen ethnic mobilization as harmful to democracy and peace. In contrast, my


The article proposes a multi-dimensional conceptual framework for understanding causes of ethnic conflict, specifically focusing on the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. I argue that ethnic conflict

Management of ethnic conflict in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara and Oromo ethnic groups

This paper seeks to examine the causes and management of ethnic conflicts in Ethiopia, with a particular reference to the two major ethnic groups, the Amhara and Oromo. Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic

Ethnic Identities And Conflict: Ethnic Conflict Prevention Approach Of European Union

Conflicts between ethnic groups are one of the most destructive and devastating forms of conflicts. In the beginning of the Third millennium the world and humankind are still suffering due to

Ethnicity, extraterritoriality, and international conflict

  • A. Stein
  • Sociology, Political Science
    Affect, Interest and Political Entrepreneurs in Ethnic and Religious Conflicts
  • 2019
ABSTRACT The world has more ethnic groups than states and many ethnic groups are split across two or more states. One implication is that many ethnic conflicts are international phenomena in which

Exclusion, violence, and optimism: Ethnic divides in Kyrgyzstan

The nation-building projects in much of post-socialist Eurasia have been characterized by the promotion of ethnic majorities and marginalization of minority groups. In dialogue with the scholarship

Explaining post-Soviet ethnic conflicts: Using regime type to discern the impact and relative importance of objective antecedents

The collapse of the Soviet Union unleashed a number of violent, usually secessionist ethnic conflicts. These conflicts were typically intensified (or “escalated”) by foreign intervention. Although

Islam and Ethnic Conflict: Hypotheses and Post-Communist Illustrations

  • S. Horowitz
  • Political Science, Sociology
    Nationalities Papers
  • 2007
The end of the Cold War drew increasing attention to ongoing and new ethnic conflicts—particularly because many of the high-profile new conflicts broke out amid the ruins of communism. Since 11

Ethno-Politicization in the 1994- 1995 Case of Conflict in Northern Ghana: The Role of Youth Associations and Faith-Based Organizations

Most large-scale ethnic conflicts move beyond state-centric issues to involve a variety of actors, issues, and motives. In Northern Ghana, the protracted conflicts of the 1980s and 1990s were

Ethnic and Nationalist Violence

Work on ethnic and nationalist violence has emerged from two largely nonintersecting literatures: studies of ethnic conflict and studies of political violence. Only recently have the former begun to



Ethnic leadership, ethnic communities’ political powerlessness and the state in Belgium

Abstract The article examines the relations between the Belgian state and political system on the one hand, and the ethnic communities of immigrant origin living in the country, on the other. It is

Competing Models of Political Mobilization: The Role of Ethnic Ties

Two models of political mobilization are examined. The developmental model stresses class-based dynamics and does not take the group formation behind mobilization to be problematic. The reactive

Why Minorities Rebel: A Global Analysis of Communal Mobilization and Conflict since 1945

  • T. Gurr
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • 1993
Political protest and rebellion by communal groups has become a major impetus to domestic and international political change. This study uses new coded data on 227 communal groups throughout the

Labor Unrest, Immigration, and Ethnic Conflict in Urban America, 1880-1914

Did strikes effect the extent of ethnic and racial conflicts in late 19th-and early 20th-century America? If so, How? Data on the occurrence of conflicts and of violence against various ethnic or

Theoretical Perspectives on Ethnic Political Behavior in the Soviet Union

A plural society is defined as one which is ethnically diverse and whose ethnic divisions are politically relevant. Extant theories of politics in plural societies focus primarily on democratic

The Primordial Challenge: Ethnicity in the Contemporary World

Ethnicity plays a vital role in contemporary world politics. This collection of essays documents the international dimensions of ethnic identity by examining the interaction between ethnicity and the

The making of race in colonial Malaya: Political economy and racial ideology

The conventional interpretation of the “race problem” in Peninsular Malaysia (Malaya) is founded upon the supposedly inevitable frictions between ethnic communities with sharply divergent cultural

Ethnic reorganization: American Indian social, economic, political, and cultural strategies for survival

Abstract In this article, we argue that there is an important, but as yet unidentified, process involved in the maintenance and reconstruction of ethnic identity. We call this process ‘ethnic

Ethnic Movements and the Competition Model: Some Missing Links

The competition model of ethnic resurgence and the relevant evidence are critically examined. We note the absence of direct measures of competition in the research on ethnic movements and the mixed

Contemporary Ethnic Mobilization

Ethnic mobilization is the process by which groups organize around some feature of ethnic identity (for example, skin color, language, customs) in pursuit of collective ends. In this review I seek to