The Social Life of Opium in China, 1483–1999

@article{Zheng2003TheSL,
  title={The Social Life of Opium in China, 1483–1999},
  author={Yang Zheng},
  journal={Modern Asian Studies},
  year={2003},
  volume={37},
  pages={1 - 39}
}
  • Yang Zheng
  • Published 27 January 2003
  • History
  • Modern Asian Studies
The history of opium is a major theme in modern Chinese history. Books and academic careers have been devoted to its study. Yet the question that scholars of the opium wars and of modern China have failed to ask is how the demand for opium was generated. My puzzle, during the initial stage of research, was who smoked opium and why. Neither Chinese nor non-Chinese scholars have written much about this, with the exception of Jonathan Spence. Although opium consumption is a well-acknowledged fact… 

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