The Social Context of Middle School: Teachers, Friends, and Activities in Montessori and Traditional School Environments

@article{Rathunde2005TheSC,
  title={The Social Context of Middle School: Teachers, Friends, and Activities in Montessori and Traditional School Environments},
  author={Kevin Rathunde and Mih{\'a}ly Cs{\'i}kszentmih{\'a}lyi},
  journal={The Elementary School Journal},
  year={2005},
  volume={106},
  pages={59 - 79}
}
This study compared the time use and perceptions of schools, teachers, and friends of approximately 290 demographically matched students in Montessori and traditional middle schools. We used the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) and questionnaires and conducted multivariate analyses showing that the Montessori students (a ) reported more positive perceptions of their school environment and their teachers, and (b ) more often perceived their classmates as friends while at school. ESM time… 
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TLDR
Examination of parent socialization models for understanding teachers' influence on student adjustment in middle school indicated that the five teaching dimensions explained significant amounts of variance in student motivation, social behavior, and achievement.
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