The Social Construction of Whiteness: Racism by Intent, Racism by Consequence

  title={The Social Construction of Whiteness: Racism by Intent, Racism by Consequence},
  author={Teresa J. Guess},
  journal={Critical Sociology},
  pages={649 - 673}
  • T. Guess
  • Published 1 July 2006
  • Sociology
  • Critical Sociology
The discipline of Sociology has generated great contributions to scholarship and research about American race relations. Much of the theorizing on American race relations in America is expressed in binary terms of black and white. Historically, the study of American race relations typically problematizes the “othered” status, that is, the non-white status in America's racial hierarchy. However, the sociology of race relations has historically failed to take into account both sides of the black… 

Public Sociology or Partisan Sociology? The Curious Case of Whiteness Studies

This paper identifies the common themes in 245-plus refereed articles on whiteness studies that were published in academic journals after 1992 in an attempt to assess the implications of whiteness

What Salience Does White Privilege Have in Non-Diverse Societies?

This article argues that white privilege is salient in non-diverse societies, and can be an effective analytical tool to understand the relationship and life course variances – inclusive of the

White Masculinity and the Navigation of Privilege: How White Men Attending College Both Use and Negate Privilege

ed by White men, this study focuses on the ways respondents created narratives based in powerblind ideologies as a means of distancing themselves from rewards of Whiteness they expect to gain in

The Black Image in the White Mind: Educational Consequences of Media Racism

In the United States of America, Black male students often face a cultural disconnect when entering classrooms today. As a result, outcomes for these students, including academic ones, are both

In-Group Love and Out-Group Hate: White Racial Attitudes in Contemporary U.S. Elections

Over the past two decades, political scientists have demonstrated that racial animus among white Americans is increasingly associated with evaluations of presidential candidates. Like most work on

Black Women Resistance to Whiteness in Social Work

As Black women, we are often challenged within organisations to critique incomplete and underdeveloped cultural competence/diversity organisational goals. Our Black bodies are used to meet a

What can Southern Criminology Contribute to a Post-Race Agenda?

Drawing on Raewyn Connell’s Southern Theory (2007), Carrington et al. (British Journal of Criminology, 56(1), 1–20, 2015) have called for a de-colonization and democratization of criminological

What Is Accountability? Conceptions and Challenges of Accountability in White Anti-Racism Organizing

The term ‘accountability’ in anti-racism work holds an array of understandings, as well as criticisms, and is heavily contextual in nature. Deemed a necessity by nearly all within antiracism work due

“The Education of Mingo,” or the education of Moses: reading Charles Johnson’s novella through the lens of whiteness studies

The rise of whiteness studies has been a very remarkable phenomenon in the past three decades. Many of its key arguments are very productive in criticism concerning racial issues in ethnic

Their Way or No Way: "Whiteness" as Agent for Marginalizing and Silencing Minority Voices in Academic Research and Publication

The field of academic research and publication have traditionally been the almost exclusive domain of White Academics. They institute, control and apply “White codes” to syndicate the publication of



Constructing whiteness: the intersections of race and gender in US white supremacist discourse

This research explores the intertwined construction of race and gender in a wide variety of white supremacist newsletters and periodicals published between 1969 and 1993. While traditional accounts

White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction of Whiteness

Traditional debates concerning racially hierarchical societies have tended to focus on the experience of being black. White Women, Race Matters breaks with this tradition by focusing on the

Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations

Racism is a pillar of American Society. It is not found only in small pockets of society, but is practised by all Americans, permeating the social fabric of our lives. Racism effects where we live,

The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class

This is the new, fully updated edition of this now-classic study of working-class racism. Combining classical Marxism, psychoanalysis and the new labor history pioneered by E. P. Thompson and Herbert

Race and racism; a comparative perspective

holds: there has been a growing convergence of interest in the benefits of industrialization and increasing wealth among all sections of the population, particularly the whites; and, in fact, it is

Who was white? The disappearance of non-European white identities and the formation of European racial whiteness

Abstract This article provides a critical history of the conflation of European and white identities. It commences with an overview of pre-modern white identities in China and the Middle East. The

Race: The History of an Idea in the West

In Race: The History of an Idea in the West Ivan Hannaford guides readers through a dangerous engagement with an idea that so permeates Western thinking that we expect to find it, active or dormant,

Before the Mayflower : a history of black America

Slaves in school my daughter's too young. During the beginning of black merchants, traded in transtrade. This gem before the most of problems that black history books. The northern union forces

The Question of Caste in Modern Society: Durkheim's Contradictory Theories of Race, Class, and Sex

I explore a set of contradictions crucial to Durkheim's work, that revolve around the issue of whether modern society (i.e., industrial capitalism) is structured according to the principle of

Making Societies: The Historical Construction of Our World

Illustrations: Figures and Table About the Author and Publisher Foreword Preface 1. Constructing Historical Reality What Is Intelligence and Why Does It Matter? The Social Construction of Reality The