The Social Construction of Status Value: Gender and Other Nominal Characteristics

  title={The Social Construction of Status Value: Gender and Other Nominal Characteristics},
  author={Cecilia L. Ridgeway},
  journal={Social Forces},
  • C. Ridgeway
  • Published 1 December 1991
  • Economics
  • Social Forces
This article describes micro-macro processes through which simple structural conditions cause a nominal characteristic such as gender or race to acquire independent status value. These conditions are sufficient but not necessary and may or may not be involved in the actual historical origin of a given characteristic's status value. The argument assumes that a nominal characteristic becomes correlated with a difference in exchangeable resources. Blau's (1977) structural theory specifies the… 
Construction of Status and Referential Structures*
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How do status beliefs develop ? The role of resources and interactional experience*
Status construction theory argues that interaction between people with unequal structural advantages is crucial in the development and spread of status value beliefs about people's distinguishing
The Spread of Status Value: A Theoretical Extension
Abstract Purpose The Spread of Status Value theory describes how new diffuse status characteristics can arise out of the association of initially non-valued characteristics to existing status
Sex, Society, and Association: A Cross-national Examination of Status Construction Theory
Examining the predictions of status construction theory using the 2001 International Social Survey Program's networks module allows the comparison of a macro-level distribution of a goal object (authority positions) with a novel measure of status derived from the social networks literature.
The Structure of Deference: Modeling Occupational Status Using Affect Control Theory
Current theories of occupational status conceptualize it as either a function of cultural esteem or the symbolic aspect of the class structure. Based on Weber’s definition of status as rooted in
Status Construction Theory
Status construction theory describes how structural conditions in society frame and constrain social encounters among people from socially different groups (e.g., racial, ethnic, or gender groups),
Diffuse Status Characteristics and the Spread of Status Value: A Formal Theory1
The authors present a formal theory of the social construction of diffuse status characteristics. The theory is formulated within the framework of earlier work on status construction by Ridgeway and
The effects of status-organizing and social identity processes on patterns of social influence
Two theories of social influence, status characteristics theory (SCT) and social identity theory (SIT), have achieved an uncommon degree of theoretical cumulation. SCT focuses on the influence of


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This paper discusses the small groups literature on status organizing processes in decisionmaking groups whose members differ in external status. This literature demonstrates that status
Salience, Heterogeneity and Consolidation of Parameters: Civilizing Blau's Primitive Theory
Blau's (1977) theory uses properties of macro social structure to deduce properties of micro social structure, the network of observed social relations among individuals. This paper continues the
This chapter reviews theory and research on status organizing processes. A status organizing process is any process in which evaluations of and beliefs about the characteristics of actors become the
Crosscutting Social Circles: Testing a Macrostructural Theory of Intergroup Relations
Crosscutting Social Circles describes a theory of groups' relations to each other, and tests the theory in the 125 largest metropolitan areas In the United States. The focus is on the Influence
To reduce sex differences in employment outcomes, we must examine them in the context of the sex-gender hierarchy. The conventional explanation for wage gap—job segregation—is incorrect because it
Homophily in voluntary organizations: Status distance and the composition of face-to-face groups.
Recent work on the organized sources of network ties and on the social structural determinants of association are synthesized to produce several hypotheses about homophily. These hypotheses are
Modification of Interracial Interaction Disability: An Application of Status Characteristic Theory
This experiment attempted to produce equal-status interaction among four-person interracial groups of junior high school boys by assigning a high level of competence to the black subjects on two
Social Theory, Social Research, and a Theory of Action
  • J. Coleman
  • Psychology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1986
After an extraordinarily promising beginning in 1937 with The Structure of Social Action, Talcott Parsons abandoned his attempt to ground social theory in a theory of purposive action. The
Do Status Interventions Persist
A body of research within the status characteristics and expectation states program is concerned with eliminating status disadvantages in a single, collective group-task situation. The present work
One important reason for the inconsistent findings of the research on inequitably over-rewarded individuals is the failure to understand and control the process by which rewards come to be related to