The Social Construction of Facts and Artefacts: or How the Sociology of Science and the Sociology of Technology might Benefit Each Other

@article{Pinch1984TheSC,
  title={The Social Construction of Facts and Artefacts: or How the Sociology of Science and the Sociology of Technology might Benefit Each Other},
  author={Trevor Pinch and Wiebe Bijker},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  year={1984},
  volume={14},
  pages={399 - 441}
}
The need for an integrated social constructivist approach towards the study of science and technology is outlined. Within such a programme both scientific facts and technological artefacts are to be understood as social constructs. Literature on the sociology of science, the science-technology relationship, and technology studies is reviewed. The empirical programme of relativism within the sociology of scientific knowledge and a recent study of the social construction of technological… 
The Social Construction of Artefacts: a Response to Pinch and Bijker
In their paper on 'The Social Construction of Facts and Artefacts', Pinch and Bijker advocate an integrated social constructivist approach to explaining scientific knowledge and technological
The social and cultural shaping of educational technology: Toward a social constructivist framework
TLDR
A SCOT approach is used to explore how personal and institutional beliefs can shape the ways in which technologies are used by teachers and students, and to identify the social, epistemological, cognitive and motivational factors that need to be considered as computer technology becomes an integral part of the educational experience.
The Social Construction of Technology: Structural Considerations
Although scholarship in the social construction of technology (SCOT) has contributed much to illuminating technological development, most work using this theoretical approach is committed to an
Addressing Technological Change: The Challenge to Social Theory
Technology is central to contemporary theories of social, cultural and economic change, yet its treatment is still predominantly one of technological determinism. This article examines the
Revitalizing the Concept of Sociotechnical Systems in Social Studies of Technology
The concept of sociotechnical systems concerns the complex associations between humans and instruments. This concept has been widely used to examine the construction of technology and the effect
New rules of sociological method : rethinking technology studies
Social constructivism is strong in the deconstruction of technological or economic determinism and in the reconstruction of practice, talk and translation between actors. However, it fails to account
Science and Technology as Social Relations: Towards a Philosophy of Technology for Liberal Education.
This paper raises the question of the philosophical base of a liberal technology education, assuming that it cannot be provided simply by an engineer's perspective. It therefore reconstructs known
On Power and its Tactics: A View from the Sociology of Science
This paper considers the relevance of the sociology of science for the study of power. Though there is by no means complete agreement between sociologists of science, recent work in this area has
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Black Boxism and the Sociology of Science: A Discussion of the Major Developments in the Field
Science as an important area of human activity has attracted the attention of historians and philosophers as well as sociologists. However, sociologists in their attempt to establish an independent
Knowledge and Utility: Implications for the Sociology of Knowledge
In this paper an attempt is made to widen the scope of the current debate about the possibility of subjecting scientific knowledge to sociological analysis. It is suggested that in identifying
Stages in the Empirical Programme of Relativism
Modern philosophy of science has allowed an extra dimensiontime into descriptions of the nature of scientific knowledge. Theories are now seen as linked to each other, and tQ observations, not by
History of Science and its Sociological Reconstructions
One can either debate the possibility of the historical sociology of scientific knowledge or one can do it. Ludwik Fleck took the latter course of action. In Entstehung und Entwicklung einer
THE SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE: STUDIES OF CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE
When, in 1975, Joseph Ben-David and Teresa Sullivan reviewed the "Sociology of Science" for this series, they did not need to mention the sociology of scientific knowledge. Just six years later,
Scientific Theory and Technological Testability: Science, Dynamometers, and Water Turbines in the 19th Century
An increasingly central concern among historians of technology is the nature of technological knowledge as distinct both from science and from the design of specific artifacts. This concern is
The Role of Cognitive and Occupational Differentiation in Scientific Controversies
The involvement of science in matters of public importance is not a new development. R.K. Merton's study of the Royal Society in 17th century England' depicts a group of scientists intimately
Son of Seven Sexes: The Social Destruction of a Physical Phenomenon
Working from within the relativist perspective, this paper documents the demise of credibility of claims for the existence of high fluxes of gravitational radiation. The study is based on interview
The Construction of the Paranormal: Nothing Unscientific is Happening
RECENT studies have exposed the social components involved in the assessment of the validity of scientific findings, a process normally thought of as being in some way immune to social forces. This
...
1
2
3
4
5
...