The Social Behavior of Chimpanzees and Bonobos: Empirical Evidence and Shifting Assumptions1

  title={The Social Behavior of Chimpanzees and Bonobos: Empirical Evidence and Shifting Assumptions1},
  author={C. Stanford},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={399 - 420}
As our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos have been widely used as models of the behavior of early hominids. In recent years, as information on the social behavior and ecology of bonobos has come to light, many interspecific comparisons have been made. Chimpanzees have been characterized in terms of their intercommunity warfare, meat eating, infanticide, cannibalism, male status‐striving, and dominance over females. Bonobos, meanwhile, have been portrayed as the “Make love, not… Expand
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