The Smarter Sex: A Critical Review of Sex Differences in Intelligence

  title={The Smarter Sex: A Critical Review of Sex Differences in Intelligence},
  author={Diane F. Halpern and Mary L. LaMay},
  journal={Educational Psychology Review},
Although there are no sex differences in general intelligence, reliable differences are found on some tests of cognitive abilities. Many of the tasks that assess the ability to manipulate visual images in working memory show an advantage for males, whereas many of the tasks that require retrieval from long-term memory and the acquisition and use of verbal information show a female advantage. Large effects favoring males are also found on advanced tests of mathematical achievement, especially… Expand
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  • Medicine, Psychology
  • The American psychologist
  • 1997
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