# The Small-Sample Bias of the Gini Coefficient: Results and Implications for Empirical Research

@article{Deltas2003TheSB, title={The Small-Sample Bias of the Gini Coefficient: Results and Implications for Empirical Research}, author={George Deltas}, journal={Review of Economics and Statistics}, year={2003}, volume={85}, pages={226-234} }

The Gini coefficient is a downward-biased measure of inequality in small populations when income is generated by one of three common distributions. The paper discusses the sources of bias and argues that this property is far more general. This has implications for (i) the comparison of inequality among subsamples, some of which may be small, and (ii) the use of the Gini in measuring firm size inequality in markets with a small number of firms. The small-sample bias has often led to… Expand

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