The Slum Upgrading Myth

@article{Werlin1999TheSU,
  title={The Slum Upgrading Myth},
  author={Herbert H. Werlin},
  journal={Urban Studies},
  year={1999},
  volume={36},
  pages={1523 - 1534}
}
  • H. Werlin
  • Published 1 August 1999
  • Economics
  • Urban Studies
The World Bank's slum upgrading approach, used for the first generation of its urban development projects during the 1970s and 1980s, was considerably influenced by the writing of John F. C. Turner. Turner minimised the role of government, limiting it to providing essential environmental improvements and public services, thereby allowing squatters and/or slum-dwellers to improve gradually their living conditions. While early evaluations of slum upgrading projects in Calcutta, Jakarta and Manila… 
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Previous to Present Policies and Approaches for Slum and their Limitations: In Search of Sustainable Slum Upgrading Process in Developing Countries
  • Kashfia Alam Khan
  • Economics
    International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science
  • 2021
: Slums- the living areas of urban poor, have always been treated like a burden for the city. But in reality, the labor of the slum dwellers is running the city mechanism. In developing cities it has
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