The Size, Scale, and Shape of Cities

  title={The Size, Scale, and Shape of Cities},
  author={Michael Batty},
  pages={769 - 771}
  • M. Batty
  • Published 8 February 2008
  • Economics
  • Science
Despite a century of effort, our understanding of how cities evolve is still woefully inadequate. Recent research, however, suggests that cities are complex systems that mainly grow from the bottom up, their size and shape following well-defined scaling laws that result from intense competition for space. An integrated theory of how cities evolve, linking urban economics and transportation behavior to developments in network science, allometric growth, and fractal geometry, is being slowly… 

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