The Sinews of War: Ancient Catapults

@article{Cuomo2004TheSO,
  title={The Sinews of War: Ancient Catapults},
  author={Serafina Cuomo},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={303},
  pages={771 - 772}
}
Although they were probably already used in ancient Mesopotamia, catapults became increasingly common in the Mediterranean area from the 4th century B.C. Their design was improved over time through a combination of trial-and-error and geometrical procedures. By the 1st century A.D., it was possible to compile accurate tables of specifications for catapults of different size, and to build engines capable of hurling heavy projectiles at a distance of more than a hundred meters. In her essay… 
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