The Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene hominin site (Burgos, Spain). Estimation of the number of individuals

  title={The Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene hominin site (Burgos, Spain). Estimation of the number of individuals},
  author={Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro and Ignacio Mart{\'i}nez and Ana Gracia-T{\'e}llez and Mar{\'i}a Martin{\'o}n-Torres and Juan Luis Arsuaga},
  journal={The Anatomical Record},
  pages={1463 - 1477}
After 34 years of research and findings in the Middle Pleistocene site of the Sima de los Huesos (SH) of the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain), we present an update of the estimation of the number of individuals (ENI) identified in the SH hominin assemblage. The last ENI, published in 2004, was 28. Although the number of specimens recovered has almost doubled since then and more complete information is now available, this new analysis suggests that the ENI is 29. Some individuals are still… Expand
1 Citations
Hibernation in hominins from Atapuerca, Spain half a million years ago
A new insight is provided into the physiological mechanism of early human metabolism which could help in determining the life histories and physiologies of extinct human species. Expand


The stratigraphy of the Sima de los Huesos (Atapuerca, Spain) and implications for the origin of the fossil hominin accumulation
Abstract The Sima de Los Huesos (SH) is one of the many archaeo-palaeontological sites in the Sierra de Atapuerca. The characteristics of this palaeoanthropological site are unusual, due to the largeExpand
The carnivore remains from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain).
The hypothesis that the Sima de los Huesos site was a natural trap is the most plausible, and the presence of a not very speloid Ursus deningeri, together with the rest of the carnivore assemblage, points to a notvery late Middle Pleistocene age. Expand
Palaeodemography of the Atapuerca-SH Middle Pleistocene hominid sample.
There would appear to be a clear contradiction between the demographic distribution and the demographic viability of the population represented by the SH hominid fossils, as well as some aspects of the reproductive biology of the Pleistocene populations. Expand
Paleodemography of the Atapuerca: Sima De Los Huesos Hominin Sample: A Revision and New Approaches to the Paleodemography of the European Middle Pleistocene Population
This article analyzes the mortality profiles of two Middle Pleistocene hominin samples, one from the Sima de los Huesos (SH) site in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Spain) (MNI = 28), and another (MNI = 26)Expand
Postcranial morphology of the middle Pleistocene humans from Sima de los Huesos, Spain
The postcranial evidence is consistent with the hypothesis based on the cranial morphology that the SH hominins are a sister group to the later Neandertals, and the full suite of Ne andertal-derived features is not yet present in the SH population. Expand
Human calcanei from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain).
The calcanei from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos are robust with a proportionally long tubercle and a projected sustentaculum tali, which are traits shared by Neandertals. Expand
Morphological description and comparison of the dental remains from Atapuerca-Sima de los Huesos site (Spain).
This study ratifies the deep roots of the Neanderthal lineage in the Middle Pleistocene of Europe and proposes that more than one hominin lineage may have coexisted during the Middle pleistocene in Europe. Expand
Neandertal roots: Cranial and chronological evidence from Sima de los Huesos
The sample shows a consistent morphological pattern with derived Neandertal features present in the face and anterior vault, many of which are related to the masticatory apparatus, pointing to a mosaic pattern of evolution. Expand
Sima de los Huesos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain). The site.
In this article a topographical description of the Cueva Mayor Cueva de Silo cave system is provided, including a more detailed topography of the Sala de los Ciclopes Sala de las Oseras-Sima de losExpand
Three new human skulls from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site in Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain
The extensive Atapuerca human collection is the most complete sample of Middle Pleistocene humans yet discovered from one site, and appears to document an early stage in Neanderthal evolution. Expand