The Significance of a Non-Reductionist Ontology for the Discipline of Physics: A Historical and Systematic Analysis

@article{Strauss2010TheSO,
  title={The Significance of a Non-Reductionist Ontology for the Discipline of Physics: A Historical and Systematic Analysis},
  author={Danie F.M. Strauss},
  journal={Axiomathes},
  year={2010},
  volume={20},
  pages={53-80}
}
An overview of the history of the concept of matter highlights the fact that alternative modes of explanation were successively employed. With the discovery of irrational numbers the initial conviction of the Pythagorean School collapsed and was replaced by an exploration of space as a principle of understanding. This legacy dominated the medieval period and had an after-effect well into modernity—for both Descartes and Kant still characterized matter in spatial terms. However, even before… 
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