The Shi‘is in Lebanon: Between communal ‘asabiyya and Arab nationalism, 1908–21

  title={The Shi‘is in Lebanon: Between communal ‘asabiyya and Arab nationalism, 1908–21},
  author={Kais M. Firro},
  journal={Middle Eastern Studies},
  pages={535 - 550}
  • K. Firro
  • Published 1 July 2006
  • Sociology
  • Middle Eastern Studies
Like the Alawis, Druzes, Isma‘ilis and other Muslim religious communities of the Ottoman Empire, the Shi‘is in Jabal ‘Amil (the southern part of Modern Lebanon) and in the Biqa‘ constituted, until the end of the nineteenth century, a particularist religious community attached to its ‘asabiyya (esprit de corps or group solidarity). At the end of the nineteenth century, Christian and Sunni Muslim intellectuals in Syria and Lebanon began to elaborate proto-nationalist ideas to be transformed later… 
3 Citations

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Shī'ī scholars from Jabal 'Āmil, the hill-country which lies inland from Ṣaydā and Ṣūr in southern Lebanon, claim that theirs is the oldest of all Shī'ī communities. They attribute its foundation to

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pp.150–51. See also Fayiad, Safahat, p.151; A.A.M. Shu‘ayb, Matalib Jabal ‘Amil, a-Wahda, al-Musawat fi Lubnan al-Kabir, 1900–1936 (The Demands of Mt

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On the al-‘Irfan intellectuals, their biography and literary activities see M.K. Makki, al-Haraka al- Fikriyya fi Jabal ‘Amil (Cultural Movement in Jabal ‘Amil) (Beirut: Dar al-Andalus

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