The Sexual Murderer Is a Distinct Type of Offender

@article{Chopin2019TheSM,
  title={The Sexual Murderer Is a Distinct Type of Offender},
  author={Julien Chopin and Eric Beauregard},
  journal={International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology},
  year={2019},
  volume={63},
  pages={1597 - 1620}
}
  • J. Chopin, Eric Beauregard
  • Published 10 December 2018
  • Psychology, Law, Sociology
  • International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
The current study investigates the question of the specificity of sexual homicide offenders by comparing three types of crimes: sexual homicide, nonsexual homicide, and violent sexual assault. The comparison is based on victim, offender and modus operandi characteristics throughout 102 variables. The sample has been taken from a French national police database including 1,736 cases. Among these cases, there are 463 nonsexual homicides, 173 sexual homicides and 1,100 violent sexual assaults… 
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References

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Is the Sexual Murderer a Unique Type of Offender? A Typology of Violent Sexual Offenders Using Crime Scene Behaviors
TLDR
This study simultaneously explored the utility of the sexual murderer as a unique type of offender hypothesis and sexual homicide as a differential outcome of sexual assaults hypothesis and results suggest that both hypotheses are supported.
Sexual Murderers: Sex Offender, Murderer, or Both?
TLDR
It is suggested that based on their criminal career, sex offenders who inflict severe physical injuries should be considered more as murderers than sex offenders, and future studies should include a group of non-sexual homicide offenders.
Sexual and Nonsexual Homicide in Scotland: Is There a Difference?
TLDR
It is concluded that sexual homicide offenders might be considered a distinct group of homicide offenders, more similar to sexual offenders than to other homicide offenders.
Unraveling the Personality Profile of the Sexual Murderer
TLDR
The personality profile of sexual homicide offenders is comprised primarily of Schizoid and Borderline Personality Disorders, and these offenders were significantly likely to select a victim, use a weapon, and use drugs and alcohol before their offenses, but less likely to force their victim to engage in sexual acts or humiliate them.
Characteristics of Sexual Homicides Committed by Psychopathic and Nonpsychopathic Offenders
TLDR
Homicides committed by psychopathic offenders contained a significantly higher level of both gratuitous and sadistic violence than nonpsychopathic offenders.
Toward Identification of the Sexual Killer: A Comparison of Sexual Killers Engaging in Post-Mortem Sexual Interference and Non-Homicide Sexual Aggressors
TLDR
This study defined sexual killing specifying that killing should be directly linked to sexual arousal, and sampled 48 sexual killers, operationalized to include only those engaging in post-mortem sexual interference, with one or two known female victims from prison service national (England and Wales) databases.
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