AUX SOURCES DU LANGAGE : L'AUTO- ORGANISATION DE LA PAROLE
- Computer Science
This paper presents an artificial system that allows us to conceptualize the way in which a society of agents can develop a shared discrete combinatorial speech code through self-organization, without presupposing linguistic capacities or the capacity for statistical regularities.
Self-Organization: Complex Dynamical Systems in the Evolution of Speech
A computational model is presented which shows that a basic neural equipment for adaptive holistic vocal imitation, coupling directly motor and perceptual representations in the brain, can generate spontaneously shared combinatorial systems of vocalizations in a society of babbling individuals.
Modelling the emergence of a basis for vocal communication between artificial agents
- Computer Science
A multi-agent model that simulates the emergence of a system with shared auditory features and articulatory tokens is presented and concludes that the speech signal is constrained by the intention of the speaker and the structure of the vocal tract and decoded through an interaction of the peripheral auditory system and complex pattern recognition of multiple acoustic cues.
COSMO ("Communicating about Objects using Sensory-Motor Operations"): A Bayesian modeling framework for studying speech communication and the emergence of phonological systems
- Linguistics, Computer ScienceJ. Phonetics
Action to Language via the Mirror Neuron System: The role of vocal tract gestural action units in understanding the evolution of phonology
Language can be viewed as a structuring of cognitive units that can be transmitted among individuals for the purpose of communicating information. Cognitive units stand in specific and systematic…
The self-organization of combinatoriality and phonotactics in vocalization systems
- EconomicsConnect. Sci.
This paper shows how a society of agents can self-organize a shared vocalization system that is discrete, combinatorial and has a form of primitive phonotactics, starting from holistic inarticulate…
The self-organisation of combinatoriality and phonotactics in vocalisation systems
- Computer Science
This paper shows how a society of agents can self-organise a shared vocalisation system which is discrete, combinatorial, and has a form of primitive phonotactics, starting from holistic inarticulate…
Grounding symbols in the physics of speech communication
Taking the earlier work of Oudeyer, this work has extended his model to include a dispersive force intended to account broadly for a speaker’s motivation to increase auditory distinctiveness, and shows that vowel systems result that are more representative of the range seen in human languages.
Naming a Structured World: A Cultural Route to Duality of Patterning
- LinguisticsPloS one
It is demonstrated that errors in communication as well as a blending repair strategy, which crucially exploits a shared conceptual representation of the environment, are sufficient conditions for the emergence of duality of patterning, that can thus be explained in a pure cultural way.
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Origins and Learnability of Syllable Systems: A Cultural Evolutionary Model
- LinguisticsArtificial Evolution
A model of the origins of syllable systems that brings plausibility to the theory which claims that language learning, and in particular phonological acquisition, needs not innate linguistically specific information, but is rather made possible by the interaction between general motor, perceptual, cognitive and social constraints through a self-organizing process.
Distinctive regions and modes: a new theory of speech production
- PhysicsSpeech Commun.
Spontaneous evolution of linguistic structure-an iterated learning model of the emergence of regularity and irregularity
- BiologyIEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.
A computationally implemented model of the transmission of linguistic behavior over time and a realistic distribution of string lengths and patterns of stable irregularity emerges, suggesting that the ILM is a good model for the evolution of some of the fundamental features of human language.
Competing constraints on intergestural coordination and self-organization of phonological structures
Within the Articulatory Phonology framework, the notion of gestural structure plays a central role. The nature of such structures has been the focus of two related lines of recent research that we…
Major trends in vowel system inventories
- Linguistics, Physics
The search for universal tendencies in the languages of the world is a necessary anchor point for any theoretical approach to phonetics. The present typology of vowel systems aims to provide material…
Coordinate-free sensorimotor processing: computing with population codes
- PsychologyNeural Networks
The perceptual magnet effect as an emergent property of neural map formation.
- PsychologyThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
The model embodies two principal hypotheses supported by considerable experimental and theoretical research from the neuroscience literature: (1) sensory experience guides language-specific development of an auditory neural map, and (2) a population vector can predict psychological phenomena based on map cell activities.
Neural networks and physical systems with emergent collective computational abilities.
- Computer ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A model of a system having a large number of simple equivalent components, based on aspects of neurobiology but readily adapted to integrated circuits, produces a content-addressable memory which correctly yields an entire memory from any subpart of sufficient size.
Towards an articulatory phonology
An approach to phonological representation based on describing an utterance as an organised pattern of overlapping articulatory gestures is proposed, providing a principled link between phonological and physical description.
The Dispersion-Focalization Theory of vowel systems
The Dispersion-Focalization Theory (DFT) attempts to predict vowel systems based on the minimization of an energy function summing two perceptual components : global dispersion , which is based on…