The Self‐Medication Hypothesis of Substance Use Disorders: A Reconsideration and Recent Applications

  title={The Self‐Medication Hypothesis of Substance Use Disorders: A Reconsideration and Recent Applications},
  author={E. Khantzian},
  journal={Harvard Review of Psychiatry},
  • E. Khantzian
  • Published 1997
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Harvard Review of Psychiatry
  • &NA; The self‐medication hypothesis of addictive disorders derives primarily from clinical observations of patients with substance use disorders. Individuals discover that the specific actions or effects of each class of drugs relieve or change a range of painful affect states. Self‐medication factors occur in a context of self‐regulation vulnerabilities–‐primarily difficulties in regulating affects, self‐esteem, relationships, and self‐care. Persons with substance use disorders suffer in the… CONTINUE READING
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