The Secondary Products Revolution, Horse-Riding, and Mounted Warfare

@article{Anthony2011TheSP,
  title={The Secondary Products Revolution, Horse-Riding, and Mounted Warfare},
  author={David Anthony and Dorcas Brown},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
  year={2011},
  volume={24},
  pages={131-160}
}
Andrew Sherratt included horseback riding and chariotry in his conception of the Secondary Products Revolution, but his emphasis on the role of horses in warfare and on a Near Eastern influence in the earliest episode of horse domestication is viewed here as as an important shortcoming in his understanding of the process of horse domestication. Current evidence indicates that horses were domesticated in the steppes of Kazakhstan and Russia, certainly by 3500 BC and possibly by 4500 BC. Tribal… 
Early evidence for mounted horseback riding in northwest China
TLDR
Analysis of ancient horse bones from Shirenzigou and Xigou in eastern Xinjiang demonstrates that pastoralists along China’s northwest frontier practiced horseback riding and mounted archery by the fourth century BCE, suggesting that this region may have played a crucial role in the spread of equestrian technologies from the Eurasian interior to the settled civilizations of early China.
From the Eurasian Steppes to the Roman Circuses: A Review of Early Development of Horse Breeding and Management
TLDR
This review examines paleogenetic, archeological, and classical studies on managing horses in antiquity to find out how much was accomplished through four thousand years of horse breeding.
Riding, Ruling, and Resistance
Horses have had a singular impact on human societies. Beyond increasing interconnectivity and revolutionizing warfare, reconfigurations of human-horse relationships coincide with changes in
Bit by bit : an iconographic study of horses in the reliefs of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (883 - 859 BC)
English: The focus of this study is to investigate the role that horses played in the Ancient Near East, specifically during the reign of the Neo-Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (883-859BC). By
Horse males became over-represented in archaeological assemblages during the Bronze Age
Horses: How Saddle Style Defines a Culture and the Skeletal System
Throughout history different cultures have been greatly impacted by horses and their uses. Today horseback riding is still a very popular sport, and though it is more dangerous than other forms of
The Origins of Domestic Horses in North-west Europe: new Direct Dates on the Horses of Newgrange, Ireland
This paper presents direct radiocarbon measurements on horse skeletal remains from the Beaker period settlement at the site of Newgrange in Ireland, finds which have previously been argued as the
New finds of antler cheekpieces and horse burials from the Trzciniec Culture in the territory of western Little Poland
Przybyła M.M. 2020. New finds of antler cheekpieces and horse burials from the Trzciniec Culture in the territory of western Little Poland. Analecta Archaeologica Ressoviensia 15, 103–138 The subject
Travois Transport and Field Processing: the Role of Dogs in Intermountain and Plains Food Transport
Domesticated animals have been widely used for transport labor in many societies throughout the Holocene. Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) used in transporting goods with packs or simple drag-sleds
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 115 REFERENCES
The Earliest Horse Harnessing and Milking
TLDR
Three independent lines of evidence demonstrating domestication in the Eneolithic Botai Culture of Kazakhstan, dating to about 3500 B.C.E. are presented.
Early Riders: The Beginnings of Mounted Warfare in Asia and Europe
In this wide-ranging and often controversial book, Robert Drews examines the question of the origins of man's relations with the horse. He questions the belief that on the Eurasian steppes men were
The origins of horseback riding
The horse is ridden by means of the bit, and the bit leaves its trace on the horse's teeth. The beginnings of horse-riding are here identified by defining and detecting microscopic bit wear on equid
Bit Wear, Horseback Riding and the Botai Site in Kazakstan
Abstract Bit wear is the damage that occurs on the occlusal surfaces of the second premolar teeth when a horse chews the bit. Bit wear can provide evidence of horseback riding and/or horse draught
The buhen horse
Dereivka and the problem of horse domestication
The domestication of the horse was revolutionary in its consequences – as much so as the spread of agriculture, trade, warfare, metalwork and the other more usual subjects addressed by archaeologists
Coat Color Variation at the Beginning of Horse Domestication
TLDR
It is concluded that it is unlikely that horse domestication substantially predates the occurrence of coat color variation, which was found to begin around the third millennium before the common era.
Ancient Warfare: Archaeological Perspectives
The origins of war and ethnic violence, Jonathan Haas biosocial and bioarchaeological aspects of conflict and warfare, Don Brothwell beyond the Western way of war - ancient battlefields in
Prehistoric steppe adaptation and the horse
Focusing on central Eurasian archaeology: east meets west (Marsha Levine) Steppe and forest-steppe belt of Eurasia: Holocene environmental history (Konstantin V Kremenetski) Green grows the steppe:
The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia
1. Archaeological theory and archaeological evidence 2. The Chalcolithic Prelude - from social hierarchies and giant settlements to the emergence of mobile economies, ca. 4500-3500 BC 3. The Caucasus
...
...