The Second Shift Reflected in the Second Generation

@article{Croft2014TheSS,
  title={The Second Shift Reflected in the Second Generation},
  author={Alyssa Croft and Toni Schmader and Katharina Block and Andrew Scott Baron},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2014},
  volume={25},
  pages={1418 - 1428}
}
Gender inequality at home continues to constrain gender equality at work. How do the gender disparities in domestic labor that children observe between their parents predict those children’s visions for their future roles? The present research examined how parents’ behaviors and implicit associations concerning domestic roles, over and above their explicit beliefs, predict their children’s future aspirations. Data from 326 children aged 7 to 13 years revealed that mothers’ explicit beliefs… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Children’s Views About Their Future Career and Family Involvement: Associations With Children’s Gender Schemas and Parents’ Involvement in Work and Family Roles

Substantial gender disparities in career advancement are still apparent, for instance in the gender pay gap, the overrepresentation of women in parttime work, and the underrepresentation of women in

Early Gender Differences in Core Values Predict Anticipated Family Versus Career Orientation

It is found that gender differences in core values emerge surprisingly early in development and predict children’s expectations well before they make decisions about adopting adult roles in their own families.

Does parenthood change implicit gender-role stereotypes and behaviors?

This study examined whether parenthood changes gender-role behavior and implicit gender-role stereotypes as assessed with an Implicit Association Test in Dutch parents. In a cross-sectional sample,

How Parents’ Stereotypical Beliefs Relate to Students’ Motivation and Career Aspirations in Mathematics and Language Arts

Despite progress, gender gaps persist in mathematical and language-related fields, and gender stereotypes likely play a role. The current study examines the relations between parents’ gender-related

The role of fathers in Parenting for gender equality

Fathers have a profound and lasting impact on their children’s development. As stated in the Nurturing Care Framework (World Health Organization, 2018), parents and caregivers are the most important

Life in the Balance: Are Women’s Possible Selves Constrained by Men’s Domestic Involvement?

A meta-analysis across studies revealed that gender role complementarity has a small-to-medium effect on both women’s abstract expectations of becoming the primary economic provider and the primary caregiver and patterns suggest that women's stereotypes about men's stagnant or changing gender roles might subtly constrain women's own expected work and family roles.

Combining Gender, Work, and Family Identities: The Cross-Over and Spill-Over of Gender Norms into Young Adults’ Work and Family Aspirations

Findings show that through social norms, young adults’ gender identity affects aspirations for how to manage the co-presence of their work and family identities, which may provide leverage for change to allow both men and women to combine their multiple identities in an enriching way.

Associations between parental gendered attitudes and behaviours and children’s gender development across middle childhood

Abstract The present study used a longitudinal, multi-informant approach to examine which specific elements of parents’ gendered attitudes and behaviours were predictive of multiple dimensions of

Attitudes Toward Women’s Work and Family Roles in the United States, 1976–2013

We examine time period and generational differences in attitudes toward women’s work and family roles in two large, nationally representative U.S. samples, the Monitoring the Future survey of 12th

Parenting Motivation and Consumer Decision-Making

Parenting has been a central activity throughout human history, yet little research has examined the parental care motivation system on preferences and decisionmaking. Because successful parenting
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES

Breadwinner and caregiver: a cross-sectional analysis of children's and emerging adults' visions of their future family roles.

It may be that, as young women approach adulthood and the formation of families, they adjust their vision of their future self to match more closely their own attitudes about the caregiving role.

Individual Differences in Children’s Occupational Aspirations as a Function of Parental Traditionality

Some support for the social-cognitive theory of gender development is found in predicting the traditionality of children’s occupational aspirations, mediated by children”s efficacy for nontraditional tasks.

Individual Differences in Gender Development: Associations with Parental Sexual Orientation, Attitudes, and Division of Labor

Research on children of lesbian parents has suggested that such children are developing well, but questions have been raised about their gender development. In this study, we explored associations

Traditionality of children's interests as related to their parents' gender stereotypes and traditionality of occupations

This study tested the common hypothesis that parents' gender stereotypes, maternal employment status, and the traditionality of parents' occupations, are associated with the traditionality of

Research on household labor : Modeling and measuring the social embeddedness of routine family work

This article reviews more than 200 scholarly articles and books on household labor published between 1989 and 1999. As a maturing area of study, this body of research has been concerned with

Are parents' gender schemas related to their children's gender-related cognitions? A meta-analysis.

Overall, a small but meaningful effect size indicated a significant and positive correlation between parent gender schemas and offspring measures, suggesting a possible influence of parents on the development of their children's gender-related thinking.

‘Not worth mentioning’: The implicit and explicit nature of decision-making about the division of paid and domestic work

The aim of this qualitative study of 31 Dutch couples is to help us understand why the division of paid and unpaid work between women and men remains stubbornly unequal, despite women's gains in the

Status, communality, and agency: implications for stereotypes of gender and other groups.

Four studies addressed the hypothesis, based on correspondence bias, that low- relative to high-status individuals are perceived as more communal and less agentic, and received clear support in Studies 3 and 4, in which a general instantiation of status independent of occupations, social roles, and gender was adopted.

Female Leadership Raises Aspirations and Educational Attainment for Girls: A Policy Experiment in India

It is shown that female leadership influences adolescent girls’ career aspirations and educational attainment and no evidence of changes in young women’s labor market opportunities is found, which suggests that the impact of women leaders primarily reflects a role model effect.