# The Search for One as a Prime Number: From Ancient Greece To Modern Times

@inproceedings{Reddick2012TheSF, title={The Search for One as a Prime Number: From Ancient Greece To Modern Times}, author={A. Reddick and Y. Xiong}, year={2012} }

It has often been asked if one is a prime number, or if there was a time when most mathematicians thought one was prime. Whether or not the number one is prime is simply a matter of definition, but definitions are often decided by the use of mathematics. In this paper we will survey the history of the definition of prime as applied to the number one, from the ancient Greeks to the modern times. For the Greeks the numbers (αριθμoς) were multiples of the unit, and for this reason one did not fall… Expand

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